February 23, 1945
MARINES RAISE US FLAGS ON SURIBACHI
During the ongoing battle of Iwo Jima in the Pacific today, US Marines captured the crest of the island’s highest peak, Mount Suribachi.
Two groups of Marines of the 3rd platoon, E Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Division raised 2 flags at the top.
The 1st flag raisers were photographed by Louis Lowery & then a few hours later the 2nd flag raising was captured on film by AP photographer Joe Rosenthal.*
*Rosenthal would win the Pulitzer Prize for his famous photograph which was to become the model for the US Marine Corps War Memorial.
The War Memorial, located near Rosslyn, Virginia, was dedicated in 1954.
JFK issued a proclamation in 1961 which provides for the American flag to fly from the memorial 24 hours a day.
The US Marine Corps War Memorial honors all Marines who have died in battle since 1775.
On the base of the memorial is a quote from Admiral Chester Nimitz who honored the American Marines on Iwo Jima:
“Uncommon Valor was a Common Virtue”*
*The 6 flag raisers who are depicted in the memorial are: Ira Hayes, Franklin Sousley, John Bradley, Harlon Block, Michael Strank & Rene Gagnon.
Block, Sousley & Strank were killed on Iwo shortly after the flag raising. The 3 survivors quickly became national heroes.
Personal note: I was one of the “baby boomers” who stood in a long line to get my polio shot. I remember a lot of kids crying, including myself, & as a child had a dream that the needle went all the way through my arm.
February 23, 1861
LINCOLN AVOIDS BALTIMORE
President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrived in Washington, D.C. after his train bypassed a stop in Baltimore, Maryland.
Detectives of the Pinkerton Agency uncovered a plot about a week ago to assassinate Lincoln during his stop in Baltimore.
While Mr. Lincoln expressed the desire to make the stop in any case, his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, convinced him it would not be advisable.
After arriving early this morning, the President was whisked to Willard Hotel where he plans to reside until the inaugural early next month.
This drawing appeared in “Harper’s Weekly” on March 9, 1861 depicting Lincoln sneaking into the Nation’s Capital