March 20, 1963
JFK SPEAKS TO STUDENTS IN COSTA RICA
President Kennedy gave a speech today to students of the University of Costa Rica in San Pedro.
JFK insisted that the United States will not accept the yielding of Cuban sovereignty to the USSR.
The President also emphasized the primary tenets of his Alliance for Progress program:
The right of every nation to govern itself, of political liberty, social justice & to make economic progress with modern technological advances.
March 20, 1965
LBJ CALLS UP NATIONAL GUARD IN ALABAMA
President Johnson announced today he will call up the Alabama National Guard to supervise a planned civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery.
After Governor George Wallace backed down on his offer to use state troops to supervise the march & demanded federal troops be used instead, LBJ responded with his announcement.*
*LBJ’s action insures the march led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. will be conducted without violence & is an important step in the civil rights cause.
Alabama Governor George C. Wallace
March 20, 1968
GENERAL SHOUP TELLS IT LIKE IT IS IN VIETNAM
Marine Commandant General David Shoup said today that it will take more than 800,000 American soldiers to defend South Vietnamese population centers.
General Shoup also said that he believes a military victory in Vietnam can only come with an invasion of the North.*
*His comments add to the growing dissatisfaction with the conduct of the war.
General David Shoup, USMC
March 20, 1953
NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV IS THE MAN IN RUSSIA
The USSR announced today that Nikita Khrushchev is 1 of 5 men named to the new office of Secretariat of the Communist Party.*
*This marks the beginning of Khrushchev’s rise to power which culminates in his selection as Premier in 1958. The Soviet leader will be a major force in the Cold War but will oversee a decrease in tensions by calling for “peaceful coexistence”.
Nikita Khrushchev, 1963
Photo by Peter Heinz Junge
March 20, 1854
REPUBLICAN PARTY IS FOUNDED IN WISCONSIN
The Republican Party was founded today in Ripon, Wisconsin.
The party’s main issue is opposition to the spread of slavery in the western territories.*
*The Republicans will nominate their 1st Presidential candidate in 1856, John C. Fremont, who will win 11 of 16 Northern states. In 1960, they will nominate Abraham Lincoln & win the White House.
Founding of the Republican Party
Photo by User:Laharl (2004)
March 20, 1852
“UNCLE TOM’S CABIN” IS PUBLISHED
Harriet Beecher Stowe, daughter of Connecticut Congregationalist minister, Lyman Beecher, published her novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, today.*
*The novel sells 300,000 copies in 3 months & will be the best selling novel of the 19th century. The book had such an impact on anti-slavery views in the North that when President Lincoln 1st met Stowe in 1862, he said: “So you are the little lady that wrote the book that started this great war.”