July 2, 1961
ERNEST HEMINGWAY FOUND DEAD
American Pulitzer Prize winning author Ernest Hemingway was found dead at his home this morning in Ketchum, Idaho.
Hemingway won the Pulitzer Prize for his most outstanding novel, The Old Man & the Sea, in 1952.
During the 1920s, Hemingway was the member of a group of expatriate American writers living in Paris. It was there that he wrote The Sun Also Rises & A Farewell To Arms.
Hemingway was found in the foyer of his home at 7:30 a.m. local time by his wife. A double-barreled shotgun was lying by is side.
It is not known at this time if there will be an investigation, but there are some indications that the legendary writer may have taken his own life
July 2, 1961
PRESIDENT KENNEDY HONORS HEMINGWAY
After receiving word of the death of American writer Ernest Hemingway today, President Kennedy said Hemingway….
“almost single-handedly transferred the literature & ways of thought of men & women in every country in the world.”
JFK Library Photo
July 2, 1961
JFK MEETS POPE PAUL VI AT THE VATICAN
John F. Kennedy, the 1st Catholic President of the United States, met the new Pope, Paul VI, today at the Vatican.
The meeting took place just 2 weeks after the new Pope took over as head of the Catholic Church.
The Pope spoke to the President about the contributions of the United States o world peace & space exploration.
Only 2 other Presidents in the past had met with the Pope. They were Woodrow Wilson & Dwight D. Eisenhower.
JFK & Pope Paul VI
July 2, 1963
JFK VISITS NATO HQ IN NAPLES, ITALY
President John F. Kennedy visited the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization today in Naples, Italy.
JFK affirmed the mandate that an attack on one member of the organization is considered an attack on all.
July 2, 1964
LBJ SIGNS CIVIL RIGHTS ACT
In 1960, Senator John F. Kennedy made passage of a new civil rights bill a key component of his campaign for the Presidency.
President Kennedy appointed Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson to the chairmanship of the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity.
Today, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The act prohibits discrimination based on race in both education & employment. It also outlaws racial segregation in schools & public transportation.*
*LBJ used 75 pens to sign the bill, giving away the pens as souvenirs of the historic occasion.
LBJ Signs Civil Rights Act of 1964
Photo by Cecil Stoughton
July 2, 1881
PRESIDENT GARFIELD SHOT AT TRAIN DEPOT
President James A. Garfield was shot today as he walked through the railway station in Washington, D.C.
The shooter, identified as Charles J. Guiteau, was taken into custody at the scene.
The President, who has only been in office about 4 months, was hit twice, once in the back & once in the arm.
Doctors attending to Garfield say that the bullet that entered the back has caused a very serious wound.*
*Garfield died from complications of the gunshot wound in the back on September 19, 1881.
Vice President Chester A. Arthur became President & the assassin, Guiteau, was found guilty & hanged in June 1882.
President Garfield Is Shot
by A. Berghaus & C. Upham
Frank Leslie’s Illustrated
July 16, 1881
July 2, 1863
FIGHTING CONTINUES AT GETTYSBURG
Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia launched attacks today on Union positions south of the Pennsylvania town of Gettysburg.
The Confederate attacks were on Culp’s Hill & Little Round Top.
While both armies sustained heavy casualties, the Union continued to hold their positions by the end of the day.
Gettysburg: The 2nd Day of Battle
Battle Map by Hal Jespersen
July 2, 1776
CONGRESS VOTES FOR INDEPENDENCE
The Second Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia today adopted the resolution proposed by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia calling for independence from Great Britain.
Representatives of 12 colonies voted for the resolution.
Only New York abstained.*
*John Adams of Massachusetts, in a letter to his wife Abigail, wrote that July 2 would be a day that would be celebrated “with illuminations”.
He was right about the fireworks, but missed the date by 2 days.
Committee Presents Declaration
by John Trumbull