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Archive for the category “Eamon de Valera”

JFK GIVES VIEW OF THE MONROE DOCTRINE

August 29, 1962


JFK GIVES VIEW OF THE MONROE DOCTRINE

Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy was asked the following question at his news conference at the State Department today:

“Mr. President:  Sir, would you tell us what the Monroe Doctrine means to you today in light of conditions…in Cuba?”

The President, who has received daily briefings for several weeks about an increasing Soviet presence in Cuba, responded:

“The Monroe Doctrine means….that we would oppose a foreign power extending its power to the Western Hemisphere & that is why we oppose what is happening in Cuba today.  That is why we have cut off our trade.  That is why we will continue to give a good deal of our effort & attention to it.”*

*The Monroe Doctrine (1823) stated that efforts by European nations to colonize or interfere in the Western Hemisphere would be viewed by the United States as acts of aggression.

JFK would be shown U2 photographs in October 1962 that proved the Soviets were in the process of placing nuclear missiles in Cuba which was the beginning of the “Missile Crisis”.





                   The Monroe Doctrine
                                   Page 1
          National Archives Document
                   Online Public Access


August 29, 1962

ROBERT FROST OFF ON GOODWILL TOUR OF SOVIET UNION

Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) New England poet Robert Frost left the United States today for a goodwill tour of the Soviet Union sponsored by the State Department.

Mr. Frost, who recited a poem at JFK’s Inauguration, will give poetry readings, interviews & lectures while touring the USSR.*

*During the tour, Frost came down with “nervous indigestion” but was still able to meet with Premier Nikita Khrushchev for 90 minutes.  Mr. Frost told Khrushchev: “A great nation makes great poetry & great poetry makes a nation.”


  Robert Frost (left) on USSR Tour

August 29, 1968

HUMPHREY WINS DEMO NOMINATION

Chicago, Illinois (JFK+50) Vice President Hubert Horatio Humphrey was nominated by the delegates of the 1968 Democratic National Convention today here in Chicago.

The convention has been one of the most divisive & violent in history over the war in Vietnam.

Vice-President Humphrey supports President Lyndon B. Johnson’s policy in Vietnam while others in the party oppose it.

Student protesters have let their voices be heard on the streets of Chicago while Mayor Richard Daley, a Humphrey supporter, has used the Chicago police force to attempt to control them.

Before becoming LBJs Vice-President in 1965, Humphrey had been a senator from Minnesota since 1948.  Senator Humphrey was an advocate of civil rights, arms control, a nuclear test ban & foreign aid.  He was known as “the Happy Warrior.”*

*3 years before JFK proposed the Peace Corps, Humphrey introduced a bill to create just such an agency.  In 1960, he competed against JFK for the Democratic nomination for President.  


Hubert Humphrey died in 1978.


Two of my favorite Hubert Humphrey quotations:

“Compassion is not weakness & concern for the unfortunate is not socialism.”

“It was once said that the moral test of government is how government treats those who are in the dawn of life, the children; those who are in the twilight of life, the elderly, & those who are in the shadows of life, the sick, the needy & the handicapped.”


                    Hubert H. Humphrey
                   “The Happy Warrior”

August 29, 1975

EAMON DE VALERA DIES AT AGE OF 92

Blackrock, County Dublin, Ireland (JFK+50) The former President of Ireland (1959-1973) & head of the government of the Irish Free State as well as the leader of Ireland’s struggle for independence from Great Britain, Eamon de Valera died today at the age of 92.


                   Eamon de Valera
                         (1882-1975)

De Valera, born in New York City in 1882, was brought to Ireland at the age of 2 by his uncle.

De Valera was host for President John F. Kennedy’s state visit to Ireland in June 1963.

Mr. De Valera will be buried in Dublin’s Glasnevin Cemetery.


            Grave of Eamon de Valera
                       Dublin, Ireland

August 29, 1949

USSR EXPLODES A BOMB

Semipalatinsk, USSR (JFK+50) It has been said the only thing worse than one nation having the atomic bomb is two nations having it.  

Today, the Soviet Union became the 2nd nation to have the atomic bomb.  At a remote test site here in Semipalatinsk, the Soviets successfully detonated their 1st atomic bomb.

The explosion, rated at 20 kilotons, is roughly equal to that of the “Trinity” test explosion by the United States.*

*An American spy plane flying off the coast of Siberia picked up the 1st evidence of radioactivity from the explosion on September 3.


     Soviets explode their 1st atomic bomb

EAMON DE VALERA

February 18, 1948


DE VALERA RESIGNS IN IRELAND


Eamon de Valera, Prime Minister of Ireland for 16 years, has resigned after his party failed to win a majority in the Irish Assembly.


John A. Costello, leader of the opposition party, will be the new prime minister.


De Valera was born in New York City where he lived the 1st 2 years of his life.  When his father died his surviving family moved to County Limerick.  


De Valera pursued a policy of political separation from Great Britain & supported a new constitution in 1937 that declared Ireland independent.*


*Eamon de Valera was once again PM in 1951 & welcomed the 1st incumbent President of the United States to visit Ireland in June 1963, John F. Kennedy.



February 18, 1964


COUNTRIES TRADING WITH CUBA PUNISHED


The U.S. cut military aid to Britain, France & Yugoslavia today for their continued trade with Fidel Castro’s communist nation.


While the amount of aid involved is small, the U.S. government hopes it will be seen as a symbolic act of disapproval.  Representatives of the countries affected, however, have objected to the action.



February 18, 1967


J. ROBERT OPPENHEIMER IS DEAD


The acknowledged “father of the atomic bomb”, J. Robert Oppenheimer, died today in Princeton, New Jersey at the age of 62.


He worked on the Manhattan Project during WWII & set up a top secret laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico.


After the U.S. used the atomic bomb on Japan, Oppenheimer worked with the Atomic Energy Commission for the international control of nuclear energy.


In 1953, he lost his security clearance & was ousted from the AEC for both his opposition to the development of the hydrogen bomb as well as his admitted “leftist” political views.



February 18, 1895


MARK TWAIN PUBLISHES SEQUEL TO TOM SAWYER



Samuel L. Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, published a new novel today about the best friend of Tom Sawyer, the main character in his previous work: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876).*


*The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was to be banned in many libraries & in the 1950s it was attacked as racist in its portrayal of African Americans.  Despite this controversy, the novel is seen as a masterpiece by many literary critics.



February 18, 1856


KNOW-NOTHINGS MEET IN PHILLY



Delegates of the  American Party, also known as the “Know-Nothings”,  gathered in Philadelphia today to nominate their 1st candidate for President of the United States.


The party was organized from anti-immigrant nativist societies such as the Order of the Star Spangled Banner.*


*The Know-Nothings chose former President Millard Fillmore of New York as their presidential candidate & Andrew Donelson of Tennessee as his running mate.  The party won only Maryland in the Election of 1856 & then dissolved.




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