May 10, 1963
ACCORDS REACHED IN BIRMINGHAM
The business & civic leaders of Birmingham, Alabama have agreed today to a compromise with the leaders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
The city has been troubled over the past week with civil rights demonstrations & over reaction to them by local law enforcement officials.
The accords have been negotiated by Robert Kennedy’s Assistant Attorney General, Burke Marshall.
By the agreement, the city of Birmingham will desegregate stores & public facilities & will release all those civil rights protesters who were put in jail.
In return, the SCLC will cancel future civil rights demonstrations & boycotts planned for Birmingham.*
*This good day for the city quickly turned sour when bombs exploded near Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s motel & at his brother’s home. These events were followed by city wide riots.
Downtown Birmingham, Alabama
Photo by Melinda Shelton (2010)
May 10, 1961
JFK WELCOMES FOREIGN STUDENTS
President & Mrs. Kennedy welcomed a thousand foreign students to the White House today.
JFK & the 1st Lady hosted the event on the South Lawn.
The President told the foreign students:
“All of our strengths & weaknesses are on display…& I hope you will….realize that (our) diversity…is not a source of weakness but a source of strength.”
JFK Welcomes Guests
JFK Library Photo
May 10, 1940
CHURCHILL BECOMES PM AS NAZIS INVADE HOLLAND & BELGIUM
Neville Chamberlain resigned as Prime Minister of Britain today & Parliament has selected Winston Churchill to take his place.
As Churchill assumed the position, word came that Hitler’s Germany has invaded both Holland & Belgium.
German Troops In Rotterdam
Deutsches Bundes Archiv
May 10, 1877
PRESIDENT HAYES LIKES NEW TELEPHONE
President Rutherford B. Hayes has had a telephone installed at the White House.
The President, who said he likes the new device, will have to walk to the Telegraph Room, where it has been set up, to use it.
He will also not have a great many choices of people to talk with on the instrument because it is only connected with the Treasury Department.
Mr. Hayes should have no trouble remembering his own telephone number, #1.
May 10, 1869
TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD OPENED IN UTAH
California Governor Leland Stanford struck a “golden spike” with a hammer today at Promontory Point, Utah, officially completing America’s 1st transcontinental railroad.
For the 1st time, the Atlantic & Pacific Oceans are linked by rail.
Two locomotives faced each other on the last track. One from the Central Pacific RR Company which built eastward from California & the other from the Union Pacific RR Company which built westward from Nebraska.
The transcontinental railroad will make it possible to travel from coast to coast in a matter of days instead of months.
“The Last Spike”
Painting by Thomas Hill (1881)
His loss is likely to prove costly to Southern fortunes in the days ahead.
Painting by David Bendann