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Archive for the month “December, 2015”

FLAG OF BRIGADE 2506

JFK GIVEN BAY OF PIGS BRIGADE FLAG FOR SAFEKEEPING


Miami, Florida (JFK+50) Fifty-three years ago today, December 29, 1962, President John F. Kennedy, accompanied by First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy, welcomed released prisoners of the ill-fated Bay of Pigs to Miami.


The brigade of anti-Castro Cuban exiles hit the beach at Cuba’s Bahia de Cochinos on April 17, 1961.  They had been secretly trained and supported by the United States Central Intelligence Agency.


In presenting the flag of the Cuban Invasion Brigade 2506  to President Kennedy,  Deputy Commander Erneido Oliva said…


“Mr. President, the men of Brigade 2506 give you their banner.  We temporarily  deposit it with you for safekeeping.”


In accepting the flag, President Kennedy broke from his prepared remarks and said…


“Commander, I can assure you that this flag will be returned to this brigade in a free Havana.”


The President went on to say in his formal address…


“You are here following an historic road.  Seventy years ago, Jose Marti, the guiding spirit of the 1st Cuban struggle for independence, lived in exile on these shores.  


You come to us from behind prison walls.  But you leave behind more than 6 million countrymen who are also, in a very real sense, in a prison.  
On behalf of my government & my country, I welcome you to the United States.

I bring you my nation’s respect for your courage & belief in your cause.


Your small brigade is a tangible reaffirmation that the human desire for freedom…is essentially unconquerable.  
I am confident that in your stay here you will sow the seeds of that constructive American which, God willing, in the not too distant future we will see transported to the shores of your beloved island.”


*Emeido Andres Olivia Gonzalez was born in Aguacate, Cuba in 1932 & graduated from the Cuban Military Academy in 1934.  EAOG served as professor of artillery at the CMA from 1955 to 1958 & became deputy commander of Brigade 2506.  He was captured by Castro’s forces on April 23, 1961.


EAOG developed a close relationship with Attorney General Robert Kennedy after his release & continued work in Operation Mongoose in hopes of freeing his people from Castro’s rule.  That work ended when LBJ cancelled all anti-Castro activities.


EAOG earned a Master’s Degree at American University & became Deputy Commanding General of the DC Army National Guard.


SOURCE


“Why Did the Assault Brigade 2506 Give Its Flag to President Kennedy For Safekeeping,” by Erneido A. Oliva, The Cuban-American Military Council, www.camcocuba.org/

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See the #fireworks I created by blogging on #WordPressDotCom. My 2015 annual report.

See the fireworks jfkplusfifty created by blogging on WordPress.com. Check out their 2015 annual report.

Source: See the #fireworks I created by blogging on #WordPressDotCom. My 2015 annual report.

READY TO “CARRY A NATION” TO TEMPERANCE

CARRIE NATION SMASHES UP BAR IN WICHITA


Wichita, Kansas (JFK+50) Anti-saloon activist Carrie Nation* smashed up a bar located in the Carey Hotel here in Wichita 115 years ago today, December 27, 1900, resulting in thousands of dollars in property damage and her arrest.


In 1880, Kansas had become the first state to ban the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages, but many saloon keepers blatantly ignored the law.


Mrs. Nation’s first husband had died of alcoholism fueling her temperance attitudes and following her second husband’s suggestion she began using a hatchet to smash up bars.  Calling the idea the best one he ever had, Carrie Nation began to sell hatchets as souvenirs to raise money for her crusade.


It was in Medicine Lodge, Texas that Carrie became known as “Mother Nation.” In 1903, with the publication of her autobiography, Mrs. Nation officially changed the spelling of her first name to Carry.  This sent the message that she was indeed prepared to “carry a nation” to temperance.


Mrs. Nation, who was arrested more than 32 times during her temperance campaign, paved the way for the passage of the 19th Amendment (Prohibition) and the 20th Amendement (Women’s Vote).


*Carrie Amelia Moore Nation (1846-1911) was born in Kentucky & nursed wounded soldiers in Missouri during the Civil War.  She earned a degree in history and became a teacher.  After the death of he first husband, she remarried David A. Nation, 19 years her senior.  She started a branch of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union in Medicine Lodge, Texas.  CAMN divorced her 2nd husband in 1901.


SOURCE


“Carrie A. Nation (1846-1911) Crusdaer For Prohibition and for the Rights of Women,”  by Kate Kelly, www.americacomesalive.com/


Carry Nation Smashes Bar,” This Day in History: December 27, www.history.com/

HARRY TRUMAN & THE CIA

TRUMAN CALLED FOR CIA TO END OPERATIONAL DUTIES


Independence, Missouri (JFK+50) Former President Harry S Truman* died forty-three years ago today, December 26, 1972, here in Independence. He was 88 years old.  Mr. Truman, who retired from the presidency in January 1953, referred to himself as “Mr. Citizen.” 


Mr. Truman was sworn in as President of the United States on the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt, April 12, 1945.  By August 1945, President Truman approved the use of atomic weapons on Japan.


During World War II, FDR had authorized the creation of the Office of Strategic Services, O.S.S. to handle intelligence operations for the United States.  Truman dissolved the O.S.S. on September 20, 1945 by executive order.


For a few months, intelligence activities were shared by the Departments of State and War, but on July 26, 1947, President Truman signed into law the National Security Act of 1947 which created both the National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency.


The original charge of the CIA was to provide a clearinghouse for foreign policy intelligence and analysis.  One month after the death of President John F. Kennedy, however, former President Truman had come to the conclusion that the “operational duties” of the CIA should “be terminated.”


Writing in the Washington Post, Mr. Truman expressed concern that the agency had “been diverted from its original assignment” becoming instead “a policy-making arm of the Government.”


JFK FACTS argues that “the circumstances” of JFK’s death
“propelled Truman’s radical proposal.”  In original notes written by President Truman available at the Truman Library, he expressed the view that the CIA worked as intended “only when (he) had control.”


During his visit with President Kennedy in January 1961, Mr. Truman said…


“Within the first few months I discovered that being president is like riding a tiger.  A man has to keep riding or be swallowed.”


*Harry S Truman (1884-1972) was born in Lamar. Missouri.  He served in WWI and was partner in a men’s clothing store in Kansas City after the war.

HST was elected to the US Senate in 1934 and was selected as FDR’s running mate in 1944.  He became president upon FDR’s death on April 12, 1945. HST won an upset victory over Thomas E. Dewey in 1948. 


SOURCE


“After JFK was killed former president Truman called for the abolition of CIA covert operations,” JFK Facts, December 22, 2015, www.jfkfacts.org/

A CHRISTMAS CROSSING

WASHINGTON CROSSES THE DELAWARE TO ATTACK TRENTON


Trenton, New Jersey (JFK+50)  239 years ago this Christmas evening, General George Washington led 2400 American soldiers across the ice-packed Delaware River to attack the Hessian winter camp at Trenton.


The historic crossing began at 11 p.m. and was made at three different locations along the Delaware River.  One of the General’s Continental soldiers, Elisha Bostwick, later wrote…


“I heard his Excellency…encouraging the soldiers…’Keep by your officers.  For God’s sake, keep by your officers!”


General Washington’s rout of the professional German troops hired to fight on the side of the British during the American Revolutionary War came on December 26th.


Emanuel Leutze‘s* original painting of “The Crossing,” completed in 1851, was destroyed in a British air raid on Germany during World War II.  Two of Leutze’s other versions remain, one located at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City and the other at the Minnesota Marine Art Museum in Winona, MN.


*Emanuel Gottieb Leutze (1816-1868) was born in Germany and came to America as a child.  EGL lived in Philadelphia and opened a studio in NYC in 1859.  That year he painted a portrait of Chief Justice Roger B. Taney which hangs today at the Harvard School of Law.  His painting of Washington Crossing the Delaware is, by far, his most famous.


SOURCES


“Washington Crosses the Delaware, 1776,” Eyewitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/


“Washington Crossing the Delaware,” Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, www.metmuseum.org/

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