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Archive for the month “December, 2012”

SOVIET UNION ESTABLISHED 90 YEARS AGO

December 30, 2012


SOVIET UNION ESTABLISHED 90 YEARS AGO 


Moscow, Russia (JFK+50) Ninety years ago, December 30, 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established consolidating Russia, Belorussia, Ukraine & the Transcaucasian Federation into a single communist state.


The Soviet Union’s creation came as a result of the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II & a 3 year civil war in which the Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin* struggled to establish a coalition of workers’ & soldiers’ committees.


The abdication of Tsar Nicholas II ended 3 centuries of the Romanov dynasty.


With the establishment of the USSR, Vladimir Lenin became premier & served until his death in 1924.


After Lenin’s death, Joseph Stalin came to power & the USSR became a Marxist-Leninist state with a centrally planned economy.


Nikita Khrushchev followed Stalin in the 1950s as the COLD WAR heated up between the USSR & the USA.


The struggle between the two superpowers culminated in the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 in which JFK & Khrushchev reached a mutually accepted solution & narrowly averted nuclear war.


The Soviet Union would eventually include 15 republics before dissolving on December 26, 1991.


*Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) was born in Simbirsk to a Russian schoolmaster. He studied law at Kazan University but was expelled for taking part in student protests.  He graduated from St. Petersburg University, passed the bar & began a law practice.


Lenin formed “The Union for the Liberation of the Working Class” in 1895 but was forced to leave Russia for 17 years.  


In Switzerland, he established a Bolshevik newspaper titled “PRAVDA” or “TRUTH” & returned to Russia in 1917 to lead the revolution.


Arriving at the train station in Moscow, Lenin said:


“Hail to the global socialist revolution!”

 

Vladimir Lenin Speaking in 1920


  


JFK CALLS FOR PEACE & PAYS TRIBUTE TO THE RUSSIAN PEOPLE


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) On June 10, 1963, President John F. Kennedy gave the commencement address at American University in the Nation’s Capitol.


In his speech, JFK called for world peace & paid tribute to the Russian people.


He said:


“Let us reexamine our attitudes toward the Soviet Union.  


No government or social system is so evil that its people must be considered lacking in virtue.


As Americans, we find communism profoundly repugnant as a negation of personal freedom & dignity. 


But we can still hail the Russian people for their many achievements in science & space, in economic & industrial growth, in culture, (and) in acts of personal courage.”

 

 


                    

    

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JFK MEMORIAL ALBUM SETS RECORD IN SALES

December 12, 1963


JFK MEMORIAL ALBUM SETS RECORD IN SALES


New York City (JFK+50) Today the vinyl, “LP” recording, “John Fitzgerald Kennedy: A Memorial Album” set a record for sales.


Four million copies have been sold since the album was released just six days ago.


The “long play” record includes some of JFK’s greatest speeches & tributes to his memory.  


The late President was assassinated in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963.


Each copy sells for 99 cents & the proceeds go to the Joseph Kennedy, Jr. Foundation for Mental Retardation.


The album was released on the Premier Label.


The title across the top of the cover reads:


JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY

“Ask not what your country can do for you….Ask what you can do for your country.”

Inaugural Address, Jan 20, 1961


The cover displays a large color close-up photograph of the President.


The album is produced by New York City radio station WMCA & is a recording of a program presented on the station on Friday, Nov. 22, 1963.


It is narrated by Ed Brown.


The JFK speech recordings are from the files of Radio Press International.


Follow the link below to hear the album.  Length 33:50.*


*The JFK Memorial Album currently is available at amazon.com for $6.75 new & 85 cents used.



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=unrgwCpZ70M




KING EDWARD VIII ABDICATES

December 11, 1936


KING EDWARD VIII ABDICATES


London, England (JFK+50) Great Britain’s King Edward VIII* signed the instruments of abdication today at Fort Belvedere before making a radio address informing the nation of his decision to abdicate the throne.


*King Edward VIII (1894-1972) was born at White Lodge, Richmond Park near London during the reign of his grandmother, Queen Victoria. He was educated at the Royal Naval College & served as a midshipman for 3 months.

Edward was invested as the Prince of Wales in 1911. Edward took the throne upon the death of King George V on Jan 20, 1936.

 

Edward, Prince of Wales, June 1932, German Federal Archive, Bundesarchiv, Bild, 102-13538/CC-BY-SA

               

In the speech, the King said:


“I have found it impossible to carry the heavy burdens of responsibility & to discharge my duties as King…without the help & support of the woman I love.”


After giving the speech, King Edward left for Austria.


On the 16th of November, the King informed Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin of his decision to marry the American divorcee Wallis Simpson.**


**Wallis Simpson (1896-1986) was born in Pennsylvania.  She divorced her 1st husband, Earl Spencer, Jr. in 1927 & married Ernest Simpson, a British-American businessman.  

 

Edward and Wallis Simpson, Kitzbuhel, Austria, February 1935


When King Edward learned that this would be unacceptable because remarriage after divorce is opposed by the Church of England, he let it be known that he would abdicate.


***JFK+50 COMMENT


On December 11, 2010, JFK+50 posted a very brief story on the abdication of King Edward VIII. 

With today’s post representing the 715th of JFK+50, the original one on King Edward VIII of 12/11/2010 remains the most popular of our blogs.


Click on the 1st link under POPULAR POSTS at the bottom of this page to access the posting for Dec. 11, 2010.

 

JFK SAYS FEDERAL PROGRAMS AND UNFAIR PRACTICES HARM NEW ENGLAND INDUSTRY

December 10, 1953


JFK SAYS FEDERAL PROGRAMS & UNFAIR PRACTICES HARM NEW ENGLAND INDUSTRY


Chattanooga, Tennessee (JFK+50) Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts, speaking here in the South today, addressed the issues of industrial development & migration.*


JFK said that it is an “unfortunate fact” that industry is leaving New England & heading to the South.


Senator Kennedy proposed these two major reasons for this phenomenon:


1.  The influence of Federal programs such as TVA which receives a ‘disproportionate share of government contracts, tax amortization certificates, & federal construction projects & grants.’


2. The  cost differential resulting from unfair and substandard practices permitted by Federal law.


As examples, the freshman Massachusetts senator cited the Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act that allows the South to bid on Federal contracts despite paying lower wages than those in the North & the Labor Relations Act which permits employers to oppose unionization of their industries.


Senator Kennedy closed his speech in Chattanooga with these words:


“It is a common goal–the expansion & prosperity of every section, not the ephemeral aggrandizement of one at the expense of another through the exploitation of…self-destroying values.”


*JFK began his speech by saying “It is a great pleasure to be here…in Tennessee & to be better acquainted with your famous & justly celebrated state.”


He also recognized Tennessee’s Democratic Senators Estes Kefauver & Albert Gore, Sr.  Ironically, Kefauver would defeat JFK for the VP nomination in 1956  due to Gore’s decision to support his fellow Tennessee senator.

 

Chattanooga from Lookout Mountain, Jan 1, 2012, Photo by Thomsonmg2000


             

PEARL HARBOR ATTACKED BY JAPAN

December 7, 1941


PEARL HARBOR ATTACKED BY JAPAN

 

Honolulu, Hawaii (JFK+50) At 7:55 this morning, the island of Oahu & the city of Honolulu came under attack by Japanese war planes.


Two waves composed of a total of more than 350 Japanese aircraft were reported.


At least 8 American battleships were severely damaged or destroyed.


Both Hickam & Wheeler Air Fields were attacked with an estimated two-thirds of US aircraft damaged or destroyed.


Sources report that more than 2000 Americans, civilian & military, have been killed with more than a thousand wounded.


With this attack, war has come to the United States of America.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt will address a joint session of Congress tomorrow.


BETTY McINTOSH DESCRIBES PEARL HARBOR ATTACK*

Honolulu, Hawaii (JFK+50) I reported for work immediately this morning when the 1st news – OAHU IS BEING ATTACKED — crackled over the radio.  I saw a formation of black planes diving straight into the ocean off Pearl Harbor.


The blue sky was punctured with…smoke.


I saw a rooftop fly into the air.


I was assigned to cover the emergency room of the hospital where the victims were brought.


Bombs were dropping over the city while in the morgue bodies were laid on slabs in the grotesque positions in which they had died.


There was blood…and death…in the emergency room as doctors calmly continued to treat the victims.


I had never known that blood could be so bright red.


I went to a bombed store on King Street where I often stopped for a Coke at the cool drug counter only to find it along with 6 others had nearly completely burned down.


*Elizabeth “Betty” P. McIntosh was a reporter for the Honolulu Star Bulletin on Dec 7 1941.


She wrote an article for her newspaper “after a week of war,” but her editors thought it too graphic to publish.


The complete article was published for the 1st time in 71 years on Dec. 6, 2012 in the Washington Post.


Betty McIntosh is now 97.  She worked for the OSS & CIA before retiring in Prince William County.


SOURCE:  WP OPINIONS, “Honolulu After Pearl Harbor:  A Report Published for the First Time, 71 Years Later,” www.washingtonpost.com

 

Betty McIntosh Interviews Sailor, Honolulu, Hawaii, http://www.washingtonpost.com





JFK JOINS JUDY GARLAND AT FOUNDATION’S PREMIER AWARDS DINNER

December 6, 1962


JFK JOINS JUDY GARLAND AT FOUNDATION’S PREMIER AWARD DINNER

 

Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) This evening President John F. Kennedy joined movie stars Judy Garland, Danny Kaye & Bert Lancaster to present awards at the First International Awards Dinner for the Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Foundation.


The dinner was held at the Statler Hilton Hotel here in the Nation’s Capital.


Awards were presented to the following recipients for their work in the field of mental retardation:


Dr. Samuel A. Kirk of Illinois, Dr. Ivar Asbjorn Folling of Norway, Dr. Murray L. Barr of Canada, Joe Hin Tijo of Indonesia & Dr. Jerome Lejeune of France.


The President thanked Miss Garland & Mr. Lancaster in his speech for their attendance & spoke about sister Eunice’s magazine article on the subject.


Dr. Leonard W. Mayo, Chairman of the President’s Panel on Mental Retardation, presented a report.

 

JFK, Judy Garland, Danny Kaye & David Powers, Oval Office, Dec 6, 1962


                    

SUN RECORDS HOSTS “MILLION DOLLAR QUARTET”

December 4, 1956


SUN RECORDS HOSTS “MILLION DOLLAR QUARTET”


Memphis, Tennessee (JFK+50) An impromptu gospel jam session was hosted today at the Sun Records recording studio here in Memphis.


The studio, operated by Sam Phillips*, is located at 760 Union Avenue.


The jam session involved 4 up & coming recording stars: Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins & Elvis Presley.


Johnny Cash’s recent hits include ‘Folsom Prison Blues’ ‘I Walk the Line,’ Jerry Lee Lewis will release ‘Whole Lot of Shakin’ Goin’ On’ next month, Carl Perkins is famous for ‘Blue Suede Shoes,’ & Elvis Presley’s 1st hit was ‘That’s All Right Mama.’


The session was recorded by Sun Records engineer, Jack Clement.**


*Sam Phillips (1923-2003) was born near Florence, Alabama.  He opened his recording studio in Memphis on Jan 3,  1950.


Phillips recorded differing music styles including rock n roll & the blues.


He sold Elvis Presley’s contract to RCA in 1955 for $35,000.


**A photo was made & published the following day in the Memphis Press-Scimitar.   The caption with the picture read “Million Dollar Quartet”.


The recording tape made by Clement was not discovered & released until 1981.

 

Sun Recording Studio, Memphis, TN, Photo by Egghead06, 2007

 


              

MERCURY 7 ASTRONAUTS POSED FOR GROUP PHOTO 50 YEARS AGO!

December 3, 2012


MERCURY 7 ASTRONAUTS POSED FOR GROUP PHOTO 50 YEARS AGO!

 

Akron, Ohio (JFK+50) On December 3, 1962, 50 years ago to the day, seven American astronauts posed for a group photograph dressed in their space suits here at the headquarters of B.F. Goodrich Corporation located in Akron, Ohio.*


B.F. Goodrich, no longer in existence, was the manufacturer of the space suits worn by the so called ‘Mercury 7’ & other American astronauts.

 

Each space suit weighed 20 pounds & was composed of 1600 individual pieces.


According to the John F. Kennedy Library, this “was the only occasion that all 7 appeared together in the suits.”


The requirements for acceptance in the astronaut program included…


*under 40 years of age

*undergraduate college degree

*maximum of 5’11” in height

*maximum of 180 pounds in weight

*1500 flying hours

*qualified to fly jet aircraft


All 7 of the original Mercury astronauts were rated with IQs at the genius level & members from the group would be represented in the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo & Shuttle programs.


All 7 were military men.  3 from the USAF, 3 from the US NAVY & 1 from the USMC.


They were selected on April 9, 1959 & were introduced publicly the following day.


The ‘Mercury 7’ included:


Walter M. Schirra, Jr.

Donald K. “Deke” Slayton

John H. Glenn, Jr.

M. Scott Carpenter


Alan B. Shepard, Jr.

Virgil I. “Gus” Grissom

L. Gordon Cooper, Jr.**


*The photo caption from the JFK Library says that the photo was made at B.F. Goodrich.  JFK+50 is assuming the pic was made at the corporate HQ in Akron.  Please let us know if you have information that contradicts this.


**The astronauts are positioned in the photograph as follows.  1st 4 in Row 1 L to R, last 3 in Row 2 L to R.

 

Mercury 7, BF Goodrich Headquarters, Dec 3, 1962, NASA/JFK Library Photo

 

                     

SENATE CENSURED JOE McCARTHY 58 YEARS AGO TODAY!

December 2, 2012


SENATE CENSURED JOE McCARTHY 58 YEARS AGO TODAY!

 

Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) The U.S. Senate voted 65-22 to censure Senator Joseph McCarthy (R-Wisconsin) 58 years ago, December 2, 1954.*

 

The censure resolution was for ‘conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor & disrepute.’

 

Joe McCarthy & Roy Cohn, Army-McCarthy Hearings, Library of Congress Photo, 1954.

 

        

The road to the censure began at a Lincoln Day speech on February 9, 1950 when Senator McCarthy, speaking to the Republican Women’s Club of Wheeling, West Virginia, said he had a list of 205 employees in the State Department who were communists.


McCarthy’s efforts to erode alleged communists out of the government of the United States gained him unprecedented power & prestige.


History books call it the age of McCarthyism.


By 1954, however, McCarthy’s lack of evidence & use of bullying tactics were observed by millions of Americans on live television in the Army-McCarthy hearings.


Public opinion quickly turned against the Senator.  


After his censure, McCarthy lost credibility & was virtually ignored by his fellow senators & the press.


His physical & emotional well-being declined & his dependence on alcohol increased.


Senator McCarthy died at Bethesda Naval Hospital on March 2, 1957.  He was 48 years old.


McCarthy’s funeral service was held at St. Matthew’s Cathedral in Washington, D.C.


Robert F. Kennedy attended the service representing the Kennedy family.


*Senator John F. Kennedy, recuperating from a back operation, did not cast a vote & was the only senator not to go on record against McCarthy.


Joe McCarthy was a Kennedy family friend & as such did not campaign for fellow Republican Henry Cabot Lodge in the 1952 Massachusetts senate race against JFK.  


Senator Kennedy did not make any public statements critical of Joe McCarthy.

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