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Archive for the month “September, 2011”

BILLY MARTIN’S TAVERN

September 29, 2011


TRIP TO WASHINGTON: BILLY MARTIN’S TAVERN



      John White at Billy Martin’s Tavern
                       Georgetown (2011)
               Photo by Jennifer White


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) During our trip to Washington this past weekend, we had the pleasure of dining at Billy Martin’s Tavern, the oldest family-owned restaurant in the city.


Billy Martin’s, established in 1933 when FDR took office as President, is located at Wisconsin & N Street.


The restaurant serves great food at affordable prices & the service is fantastic.



        Breakfast at Billy Martin’s Tavern
              Photo by John White (2011)


“Martin’s Tavern has had the honor of serving every president from Harry Truman to George W. Bush & a few returned regularly to sit at their favorite table.”


We had brunch at Billy’s on Saturday afternoon.  We sat at a sidewalk table overlooking the intersection in Georgetown.


On Tuesday morning we returned for breakfast & sat in the Kennedy “Proposal Booth”.



                 Jennifer White Sits in
                  The “Proposal Booth”
                 Billy Martin’s Tavern
          Photo by John White (2011)


A little bit of history about the historic booths at Billy Martin’s:


*Booth #1: “The Rumble Seat”


“After mass at Holy Trinity in the 1950s, JFK sat in this booth reading the paper & having brunch on Sundays.”



                       “The Rumble Seat”
                  Billy Martin’s Tavern
            Photo by John White (2011)


*Booth #2: “The Nixon Booth”


“In the 1940s & early 50s, Richard Nixon sat there as a congressman, senator & Vice-President.  He enjoyed Martin’s meatloaf.”



                     “The Nixon Booth”
                Billy Martin’s Tavern
          Photo by John White (2011)


*Booth #3: “The Kennedy Proposal Booth”


“JFK & Jackie frequently dined in Booth #3.  On June 24, 1953, Jacqueline Bouvier accepted John Kennedy’s proposal of marriage.  Since that day, Booth #3 has been known as the proposal booth.”






                     Billy Martin’s Tavern
            Photos by John White (2011)


Two other booths at Billy Martin’s were often occupied by Harry Truman & his family & LBJ & Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn.*


*The Martin family came from Galway, Ireland in the late 1890s.  The current owner is Billy Martin IV.  Be sure to check out his blog at www.martins-tavern.com


September 29, 1961


US SENATE CONFIRMS 60 JUDGES


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) The United States Senate confirmed today 60 new circuit & district court judges appointed by President John F. Kennedy.*


*After the Senate goes into recess, JFK appointed 17 other court positions. This marks the largest expansion of the federal court system in US history.


September 29, 1962


JFK FEDERALIZES MISSISSIPPI NATIONAL GUARD


Oxford, Mississippi (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy today federalized the Mississippi National Guard to protect James Meredith in his registration & attendance at classes at the University of Mississippi here in Oxford.


James Meredith will be the 1st African-American to attend the state university.


Before making his decision, JFK conferred with administration officials including Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.



                         James Meredith
            Library of Congress Photo 
                                (1962)


September 29, 1963


McNAMARA & TAYLOR TOUR MEKONG VALLEY


Saigon, South Vietnam (JFK+50) Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara & Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Maxwell Taylor toured the Mekong Valley of South Vietnam today before meeting with South Vietnam President Diem.



                 General Maxwell D. Taylor
             Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff




September 29, 1942


JFK SENDS THANK YOU LETTER TO CLARE BOOTH LUCE


Boston, Massachusetts (JFK+50) Lt. j.g. John F. Kennedy, US Navy, sent a letter today to Clare Booth Luce thanking her for sending him a “good luck” coin before he departs for the South Pacific.


The coin had belonged to Luce’s mother.


JFK wrote in the letter that he would clip the coin to his military ID tags.


He also wrote:


“Good Luck is a commodity in rather large demand these days & I feel you have given me a particularly potent bit of it.”



                       Clare Booth Luce
            Photo by Carl Van Vechten 
             Library of Congress (1932)



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JFK+50 GOES TO WASHINGTON

September 28, 2011


JFK+50 GOES TO WASHINGTON



Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) JFK+50 blogger, John White & his daughter, Jennifer, toured the Nation’s Capital on Saturday, September 24 through Tuesday, September 27, 2011.


They were visiting Washington to attend Caroline Kennedy’s Book Tour event which was held on the campus of George Washington University on Monday, September 26.



                        Jennifer White 
          Dulles International Airport
                    Washington, D.C.
           Photo by John White (2011)


In addition, the Tennesseans toured the Capitol Building, the Library of Congress, the Holocaust Museum, the Lincoln Memorial, WWII Memorial & the new Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial.



*Of course, lots of photos were taken & over the coming days & weeks we will share the photos as well as stories about our visit on this blog.  


September 26, 2011


CAROLINE KENNEDY BOOK TOUR COMES TO GEORGETOWN 



             Bust of George Washington
         George Washington University
                      Washington, D.C.
            Photo by John White (2011)


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Caroline Kennedy, the daughter of President & Mrs. John F. (Jacqueline) Kennedy, came to George Washington University today on the 1st stop of her book tour “Jacqueline Kennedy: Historic Conversations On Life with John F. Kennedy”.

                    Caroline Kennedy
       George Washington University
        Photo by Bruce Guthrie (2011)


The new book, which came out on September 14, is published by Hyperion.* 


The book is based on oral history recordings made by Mrs. Kennedy with JFK Presidential aide & historian, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. beginning in March 1964, just 4 months after JFK’s assassination.


The recordings were made at Mrs. Kennedy’s home in Georgetown.  After their completion, the tapes were sealed, per Mrs. Kennedy’s request, for a period of 50 years.


*The book includes a set of 8 CDs of the recordings.


Caroline Kennedy decided that the 50th anniversary of the beginning of her father’s Presidency was an appropriate time for their early release.


Appearing with Caroline at the event was the noted historian Michael Beschloss who wrote the introduction of the book.



                        Michael Beschloss
          George Washington University
           Photo by Bruce Guthrie (2011)


Caroline said that what impacted her most in listening to the recordings was “the way her mother felt about her father & the special relationship they had.”



                        Caroline Kennedy
           George Washington University
            Photo by Bruce Guthrie (2011)


Caroline said:


“I think the transcripts give a good portrayal of her.  The way she looked at the world comes through very vividly, how she appreciated historical figures & felt that what made them human was really what made them more interesting.”


After speaking to the audience, Caroline personally autographed books for those attending.*



       Caroline Kennedy Signs Her Book
          George Washington University
              Photo by John White (2011)


*Caroline will continue her book tour tonight in San Francisco, October 3 at the JFK Library in Boston, October 5 in Chicago & October 13 in New York City.
For a complete schedule go to: 


www.hyperionbooks.com/bio/caroline-kennedy/


JFK+50 Notes:


We arrived at Lisner Auditorium on the campus of GWU at 5 pm.  We were fortunate to get seats right in front of the podium 3 rows back (the 1st 2 rows were reserved).


After the program, we were among the 1st to get our book signed & I told Caroline what an honor it was to meet her & that her father was my hero.  It was certainly some night.


Caroline was born in 1958 when I was 10 years old.  She is married to Edwin Schlossberg.  They have 3 children.  Caroline’s daughter Rose is 23,  just a year younger than my daughter, Jennifer.**


**I would like to pay my respects to a friend we made at the event.  He is Adam Kress & shares our interest in history & government.  Adam is Assistant Director of Communications at Rockefeller College at the University At Albany, New York.  


Adam was kind enough to email me some of the photographs that appear on the blog today.  These were made by his good friend, Bruce Guthrie.



      Caroline Signs Book for Adam Kress
           George Washington University
                   Photo by Bruce Guthrie


September 28, 1962


DEFENSE SECRETARY SAYS NUCLEAR WEAPONS ARE AN OPTION IN BERLIN


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara strongly implied today that the government of the United States is prepared to use nuclear weapons in the defense of West Berlin.


In a press conference, McNamara said:


“It is our policy to utilize whatever weapons are needed to preserve our vital interests.  Quite clearly, we consider access to Berlin a vital interest.” 



September 28, 1967


LBJ AWARDS CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President Lyndon B. Johnson today awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor to Sgt. David Dolby of the United States Army First Cavalry.


Sgt. Dolby, on May 21, 1966, saved the lives of many of his fellow soldiers during a firefight with North Vietnamese troops.


LBJ said:


“No one hates war & killing more than I do (but) we recognize the hard reality that only military power can bar aggression in Southeast Asia.”












TRUMAN SAYS SOVIETS HAVE ATOMIC BOMB

September 23, 2011


JFK+50 GOES TO WASHINGTON TO SEE CAROLINE KENNEDY


We are leaving in the morning for Washington, D.C.  We will be there for Caroline Kennedy’s Book Tour at Georgetown University on Monday.


The book “Jacqueline Kennedy: Historic Conversations on Life with John F. Kennedy” has just come out & includes 8 CDs of oral history recorded by Mrs. Kennedy in January 1964.



JFK+50 will be back with a new post on Wednesday, September 28.   Please check back then.


Today’s JFK+50 will include events from September 23-26.


September 23, 1949


TRUMAN SAYS SOVIETS HAVE ATOMIC BOMB


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President Harry S Truman today announced the Soviet Union has recently exploded a nuclear bomb.


The news came as a shock to US government officials who believed the Russians had not developed nuclear weaponry.


President Truman said:


“We have evidence within recent weeks an atomic explosion occurred in the USSR.  The eventual development of this new force by other nations was to be expected.”


The President has requested that the National Security Council re-evaluate US cold war policies in light of this development.*


*The NSC report of 1950 will call for a huge increase in military spending as well as hydrogen bomb development.



            President Harry S Truman


September 23, 1969


TRIAL OF THE “CHICAGO 8” BEGINS


Chicago, Illinois (JFK+50) The trial of 8 anti-Vietnam War activists charged with organizing violent demonstrations at the 1968 Democratic National Convention began here in Chicago today.


The 8 were charged with conspiracy to cross state lines with the intent to incite a riot.*


*The trial ended in February 1970 with the defendants sentenced from 2 to 4 years for contempt of court.  They were found not guilty on the conspiracy charge.  


No prison time was actually served because the case was overturned & the contempt charges dropped.



          Violence In Chicago in 1968 
     Democratic National Convention


September 23, 1944


FDR COMES TO THE DEFENSE OF “FALA”



                                       FALA
                            FDR Memorial
                        Washington, D.C.
                    Photo by John White
                           July 14, 2003


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President Franklin D. Roosevelt today addressed the International Brotherhood of Teamsters here in the nation’s capital.


Coming under increasing criticism from his Republican opponents, FDR had this reaction to their attacks:


“These Republican leaders have not been content with attacks on me, or my wife, or my sons. No, not content with that, they now include my little dog Fala. Well, of course, I don’t resent attacks, & my family don’t resent attacks, but Fala does resent them.” 


“I am accustomed to hearing malicious falsehoods about myself, but I think I have a right to object to libelous statements about my dog.”*


FDR went on to say that his Republican opponents were just trying to distract voters from the real issues facing the country in 1944.


*Republicans in 1944 circulated a story that FDR had unintentionally left Fala in the Aleutian Islands while on a visit there & sent a Navy destroyer, at taxpayer’s expense, to retrieve him.


Harry Truman once said “If you want a friend in Washington, get a dog.”  


Well, FDR had a dog, a little black Scottish terrier named “Fala”.  When you visit the FDR Memorial in Washington today you will see Fala by his side.



                        FDR Memorial
                      Washington, D.C.
                   Photo by John White



September 24, 1963


US SENATE RATIFIES JFK’S TEST BAN TREATY


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) The Senate of the United States today ratified the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty thereby giving John F. Kennedy one of his greatest victories as President.


The treaty bans all nuclear weapons testing except those underground.*


*The Test Ban Treaty was signed in Moscow on August 5.



   JFK Signs Nuclear Test Ban Treaty


September 25, 1961


JFK CALLS FOR WORLD DISARMAMENT


New York City (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy, speaking to the United Nations General Assembly today, outlined a plan that would lead to complete disarmament across the globe.


JFK called for all nations which have nuclear weapons to destroy their existing weapons & convert their materials to peaceful uses.


“Today, every inhabitant of this planet must contemplate the day when this planet may no longer be habitable.  Every man, woman & child lives under a nuclear sword of Damocles, hanging by the slenderest of threads, capable of being cut at any moment by accident or miscalculation or by madness.  The weapons of war must be abolished before they abolish us.”



                  National Museum of 
                     American History
                   Washington, D.C.
        Photo by John White (2003)


September 26, 1961


JFK SIGNS DISARMAMENT BILL


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy today signed a bill passed by Congress 3 days ago which will create the Arms Control & Disarmament Agency.


JFK said:


“Our ultimate goal…is a world free from war & free from the dangers & burdens of armaments.  The new age brings renewed hope for….progress in the critical battle for the survival of mankind.”


The ACDA is to be headed by William C. Foster, former Secretary of Defense under President Truman.



                   William C. Foster
            Truman Library Photo











JFK’S PEACE CORPS IS HERE TO STAY

September 22, 1961


JFK’S PEACE CORPS IS HERE TO STAY


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy signed legislation today which gives the Peace Corps permanent status.


JFK’s signature also authorizes $40 million for the agency’s 1st year of operation.


Of the 1st Peace Corps volunteers, JFK said:


“They will be farmers, teachers, craftsmen, nurses, doctors & technicians of all kinds.  They will be a cross-section of the finest men & women that this nation has to offer.”



September 22, 1961


ICC ORDERS END TO SEGREGATION IN INTERSTATE TRAVEL


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) The Interstate Commerce Commission today ordered an end to segregation in interstate bus travel.



                Greyhound Bus Terminal
               Jackson, Tennessee (2011)
                   Photo by John White


The ICC order says that beginning on November 1, 1961, segregation on interstate buses & at interstate bus terminals will be prohibited.


The order follows the decision of the United States Supreme Court on December 5, 1960 in Boynton v. Virginia that segregation at bus terminal waiting rooms & restaurants is unconstitutional.


On July 19, 1961, JFK said:


“In my judgment, there’s no question of the legal rights of the…Freedom Riders*, to move in interstate commerce.” 


*Freedom Riders were civil rights activists,black & white, male & female, who came from the North to the South to test the Supreme Court ruling.



               Greyhound Bus Station
                        Waiting Room
            Jackson, Tennessee (2011)
                Photo by John White


September 22, 1962


GROMYKO SAYS US INTERVENTION IN CUBA WILL CAUSE A NUCLEAR WAR


New York City (JFK+50) Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko of the Soviet Union warned the United Nations General Assembly today that American intervention in Cuba will cause a nuclear war.*


*There is no doubt that Soviet placement of nuclear weapons systems just 90 miles from Key West, Florida did, in fact, almost cause a nuclear war. 


 Come back to JFK+50 in October for the account of the Cuban Missile Crisis.



     Soviet Minister Andrei Gromyko
              USSR Postage Stamp


September 22, 1975


PRESIDENT FORD ESCAPES ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT….AGAIN


San Francisco, California (JFK+50) After having avoided an assassination attempt in Sacramento just 17 days ago, President Gerald R. Ford avoided another one today here in San Francisco.


As the President was leaving the St. Francis Hotel & about to enter his car, a woman identified as Sarah Jane Moore fired a shot at him.


Fortunately, Oliver Sipple, standing near her, grabbed her arm as she fired & the shot missed.


Secret Service agents reacted quickly & spirited the President into his car & out of harm’s way.



               Attempted Assassination
                      of President Ford
               San Francisco, California
          Gerald R. Ford Library Photo


September 22, 1980


IRAQ INVADES IRAN


Baghdad, Iraq (JFK+50) Military forces of Iraq by command of President Saddam Hussein launched an invasion today of Iran’s oil producing province of Khuzestan.*


*In 1982, Iraq withdrew from Iran & sought peace.  In 1988, Iran agreed to a cease fire.



               Saddam Hussein of Iraq


September 22, 1862


LINCOLN ISSUES PRELIMINARY EMANCIPATION


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President Abraham Lincoln today issued an executive order which declares “that all persons held as slaves are, and henceforward, shall be free.”


The ‘Emancipation” applies only to states that have seceeded from the Union as well as parts of the Confederacy that has come under the control of the Union army.


The proclamation is to take effect as of January 1, 1863.


Former slave Frederick Douglass described the moment when the words of the Emancipation came over the telegraph wires:


“The scene was wild & grand. Joy & gladness exhausted all forms of expression, from shouts of praise to joy & tears.”*


*The preliminary Emancipation Proclamation provided that if the South did not end the war & rejoin the Union by January 1, 1863, all slaves in the Confederacy would be free.  The 2nd Executive Order specified the states to which the order applied.



           President Obama Displays a Copy
         of the Emancipation Proclamation*
                          in the Oval Office
                          January 18, 2010
                      Photo by Pete Souza


*The copy was on loan from the Smithsonian Institution.


September 22, 1776


PATRIOT NATHAN HALE MAKES ULTIMATE SACRIFICE


New York City (JFK+50) 21 year old Nathan Hale, a school teacher by day & a spy for General George Washington at night, was executed here today after being captured by the British military.


Hale, a graduate of Yale University, was charged with espionage but was not given the benefit of a trial.


He was asked, however, before his execution if he had any final words:


Nathan Hale said:


“I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.*


*In 1985, Nathan Hale was officially designated as the “State Hero” of Connecticut.



                       Nathan Hale Statue
                         Fort Nathan Hale
                 New Haven, Connecticut
                 Photo by 2112guy (2007)

JFK SIGNS FULBRIGHT-HAYS ACT

September 21, 1961


JFK SIGNS FULBRIGHT-HAYS ACT 


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy signed into law this afternoon HR 8666, officially known as the Mutual Educational & Cultural Exchange Act of 1961.



The legislation promotes mutual understanding among peoples around the world through educational & cultural activities.



“The Fulbright Program aims to bring a little more knowledge, a little more reason, & a little more compassion into world affairs & thereby to increase the chance that nations will learn at last to live in peace & friendship.”
                                                                                                                     J. William Fulbright



                  J. William Fulbright
                         (D) Arkansas


September 21,1961


JFK MEETS MISS USA & MOVIE PRODUCER & CAST


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy welcomed Miss USA, Jo Ann Odum, at the White House today.  


Miss Odum will compete in the Miss World contest.*


Afterward, JFK had lunch with director, Otto Preminger, & the cast of “Advise & Consent” which features JFK’s brother-in-law, Peter Lawford.


*Miss USA of 1961 was a finalist in the Miss World contest.



                        Jo Ann Odum
                       Miss USA 1961
                     WKEE Caravan
           www.jeff560.tripod.com
                       Randy Scott


September 21, 1961


SPECIAL FORCES ACTIVATED AT FORT BRAGG



          Lt.Gen. Wm P. Yarborough
          Fort Bragg, North Carolina
                    October 12, 1961


Fort Bragg, North Carolina (JFK+50) The 5th Special Forces Group (US Airborne) was activated today at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.


The Special Forces will train South Vietnamese troops to fight behind enemy lines.


JFK visited the Special Warfare Center to review the program & authorized the Special Forces to wear the Green Beret.



            US Special Forces Salute
                  Ramstein Air Base
                         Germany
           Photo by Maria L. Taylor


September 21, 1963


JFK SENDS McNAMARA & TAYLOR TO SAIGON


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy sent Secretary of Defense, Robert S. McNamara & the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Maxwell Taylor, to Saigon, South Vietnam today.


The purpose of the assignment will be to provide an “urgent review” of the situation there for the President.



            McNamara, Taylor & JFK
                     EXCOM Meeting
                    January 25, 1963
                  JFK Library Photo


September 21, 1939


FDR WANTS NEUTRALITY EMBARGO REPEALED


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President Franklin D. Roosevelt appeared before Congress today to request that the Neutrality Acts be amended to lift the embargo which prohibits the sending of military aid to Europe.


FDR is primarily concerned about making it easier for the United States to supply armaments to Great Britain & France.*


*Congress approved FDR’s proposal on November 4, 1939



September 21, 1904


CHIEF JOSEPH DIES ON RESERVATION


Colville Reservation, Washington (JFK+50) The Nez Perce chief who once led his people in an attempt to escape the United States Army & the reservation, Chief Joseph, died today here at the Colville Reservation in Washington State.


Chief Joseph was 64 years old.


When his escape to Canada was cut off by Colonel Nelson Miles in Northern Montana, Joseph was forced to surrender.


Chief Joseph said:


“I am tired of fighting. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more, forever.”



                Chief Joseph & Family
         Photo by F.M. Sargent (1880)
Washington State Historical Museum

JFK ADDRESSES UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY

September 20, 1963


JFK ADDRESSES UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY


New York City (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy came to New York today to address the United Nations General Assembly.


It has been 2 years since the President last addressed the delegates of the world peace organization.


JFK spoke with pride about his limited nuclear test ban treaty & expressed confidence that it will be ratified by the Senate.


The President said:


“We have not been released from our obligations & if we fail to make the most of this moment & the momentum….then the indictment of posterity will rightly point its finger at us all.”


JFK also proposed that the United States & Soviet Union cooperate in an expedition to the moon.


JFK said:


“The Soviet Union & the United States together with their allies, can achieve further agreements—agreements which spring from our mutual interest in avoiding mutual destruction.”


The President concluded his speech to the assembly with these words:


“My fellow inhabitants of this planet, let us take our stand here in this assembly of nations, and let us see if we, in our own time, can move the world to a just & lasting peace.”



                     JFK Addresses UN
                    JFK Library Photo


September 20, 1955


SENATOR KENNEDY DISCUSSES IMMIGRATION QUOTAS IN ROME


Rome, Italy (JFK+50) Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts met today here in Rome with officials of the government of Italy & US Ambassador Clare Booth Luce.


They discussed the need for liberalizing the quota & procedures for Italian immigrants to the United States.



  Clare Booth Luce & Henry Luce
   Photo by Phil Stanziola (1954)


September 20, 1954


KENNEDYS ACCEPT MEDALS FOR SON IN PARIS


Paris, France (JFK+50) Mr. & Mrs. Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. accepted medals posthumously awarded today to their oldest child, Lt. Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. who was killed in World War II.


The medals awarded include the “Legion of Honor” & the “Croix de Guerre”. 



          Lt. Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr.
                 United States Navy
                 JFK Library Photo


September 20, 1881


3RD U.S. PRESIDENT THIS YEAR SWORN IN


New York City (JFK+50) Chester Allen Arthur was sworn in today as President of the United States following the death yesterday of James A. Garfield who was shot on July 2 of this year.


Arthur was sworn in at his residence at 123 Lexington Avenue by Justice John R. Brady of the New York State Supreme Court.


Arthur is the 3rd man to serve in the Presidency this year.  


The 1st was Rutherford B. Hayes who completed his one term of office.  The 2nd was James A. Garfield who won the election of 1880 & was sworn in on March 4, 1881.  The 3rd is Chester A. Arthur.*


*This is the 2nd time in US History the nation has had 3 Presidents in a single year.  The 1st time was the year 1841 when Martin Van Buren, William Henry Harrison & John Tyler held the office.



                Chester A. Arthur
        Swearing-In Ceremony
                  New York City
             September 20, 1881

KHRUSHCHEV IS NOT GOING TO DISNEYLAND

September 19, 1959


KHRUSHCHEV IS NOT GOING TO DISNEYLAND


Los Angeles, California (JFK+50) Visiting Soviet premier, Nikita Khrushchev, was informed today that he will not be permitted to visit Disneyland during his visit to California.


Mr. Khrushchev, to put it mildly, was not pleased to hear about this decision.


Government officials apparently decided the visit would be too much of a security risk for the Soviet leader.


Earlier, Khrushchev was given a tour of 20th Century Fox studios & was joined for lunch by Frank Sinatra.



                        “Disneyland 1960s”
          www.mallorymakesthings.com


September 19, 1957


1ST UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR BOMB DETONATED IN NEVADA


Las Vegas, Nevada (JFK+50) The world’s first underground nuclear explosion occurred today at the Nevada Test Site, 65 miles north of Las Vegas.


The good news is that the test produced no radio active fallout.*


*In 1963, JFK signed the “Limited” Test Ban Treaty which prohibited all testing except underground.  In 1996, President Clinton signed the “Comprehensive” Test Ban Treaty which prohibited ALL nuclear testing.



            US Nuclear Field Exercise
            Troops 6 miles from Blast
                    November 1, 1951


September 19, 1955


JFK GIVEN AN AUDIENCE WITH THE POPE


Castle Gandolfo, Italy (JFK+50) Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts, a Roman Catholic, was received by Pope Pius XII today here at the papal summer residence, Castle Gandolfo.


Senator Kennedy & the Pope discussed communist domination of Poland.



                           Pope Pius XII 
               Photo by Ambrosius007


September 19, 1950


CONGRESSMAN KENNEDY WINS PRIMARY


Boston, Massachusetts (JFK+50) Congressman John F. Kennedy won the Democratic Primary today in his bid for re-election to represent the 11th Congressional District of Massachusetts.


The young congressman was 1st elected in 1946 & was re-elected in 1948.


JFK polled 38,322 votes.  His closest opponents included Frank Bevilacqua with 4,237 votes & Charles DiSessa with 1,327.





           
September 19, 1893


NEW ZEALAND 1ST COUNTRY TO GRANT WOMEN RIGHT TO VOTE


Wellington, New Zealand (JFK+50) New Zealand became the 1st nation in the world today to grant national voting rights to women.


The Electoral Bill was signed by Governor Lord Glasgow.*


*The 1st national election in New Zealand following the passage of the Electoral Bill was in November 1893.


List of Countries Granting National Woman Suffrage By Date


New Zealand 1893, Australia 1902, Finland 1906, Norway 1907, Denmark 1915, UK 1918, Czechoslavakia 1918, Austria 1919, Canada 1919, United States 1920.



         National Flag of New Zealand


September 19, 1881


PRESIDENT GARFIELD DIES IN NEW JERSEY


Elberon, New Jersey (JFK+50) President James A. Garfield passed away at 10:20 this evening here in Elberon, New Jersey.


The President died from complications of one of the wounds he suffered in an assassination attempt in Washington 80 days ago.


Mr. Garfield’s wife, Lucretia, was by his side at the end.


She said: “Why am I made to suffer this cruel wrong.”


Garfield, who was 49 years old, served as President only 4 months before the shooting.*


*An autopsy would show that pressure from Garfield’s internal wound created an aneurysm which was determined to be the cause of death.


Garfield’s assassin, Charles J. Guiteau, was found guilty of murder & hanged on June 30, 1882.


I find it interesting that Garfield’s chief physician was Doctor Willard Bliss. While he was a Doctor of Medicine, his 1st name was also Doctor.  I guess they called him ‘Doctor Doctor Bliss’.



             President Garfield’s Casket
                           Lying in State
                        Captiol Rotunda





KARA KENNEDY ALLEN DEAD OF HEART ATTACK

September 18, 2011


KARA KENNEDY ALLEN DEAD OF HEART ATTACK


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Kara Kennedy Allen, the daughter of the late Senator Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts & wife Joan, died Friday after suffering a heart attack following a work out at a gym about a mile from her home.


Kara, known for her fighting spirit, was a cancer survivor who ran 5 miles a day.


Her brother, former Rhode Island congressman Patrick Kennedy, told the AP, “Her heart gave out” after her many treatments for cancer.


Kara Kennedy Allen, divorced from husband Michael Allen, leaves a 17 year old daughter, Grace, & a 14 year old son, Max.


Kara was born in Bronxville, New York on February 27, 1960 during her Uncle Jack’s campaign for the Presidency.


Michael Allen said:


“Her legacy is one of courage & grit & determination in the face of her own illness & in the face of many family tragedies & limitless, absolutely limitless, devotion to our children.”


Kara was a graduate of Tufts University, a trustee of the JFK Library Fund & a national advisory board member of the National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.


Funeral arrangements are pending.*


*JFK+50 extends its deepest sympathies to the Kennedy/Allen family at this very difficult time.


Kara once said this about her Dad, Senator Edward M. Kennedy:


“What mattered to my father was not the scale of an accomplishment, but that we learned we were part of something larger than ourselves.”



                 Kara Kennedy Allen
                 Eulogizing Her Dad
                    August 29, 2009


September 18, 1960


FIDEL ARRIVES IN THE BIG APPLE


New York City (JFK+50) Cuban premier, Fidel Castro, arrived today in New York City.


Castro is to head the Cuban delegation to the United Nations & will address the UN General Assembly.


The Premier & his party will be staying at the Theresa Hotel in Harlem where he plans to meet with Malcolm X & Langston Hughes.*


*On September 26, 1961, Fidel Castro will give a 4 hour speech to the UN General Assembly in which he criticizes US “imperialism” as well as its policies in Latin America, Asia & Africa.



                         Fidel Castro
                    United Nations
                September 22, 1960
        Library of Congress Photo


September 18, 1961


DAG HAMMARSKJOLD DEAD IN PLANE CRASH


Salisbury, Rhodesia(JFK+50) United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold was killed today when his Swedish DC6 airplane crashed in northern Rhodesia.


The Secretary-General was on a trip to meet Moise Tshombe, leader of the province of Katanga & to negotiate the crisis in the Congo.


Mr. Hammarskjold was elected Secretary-General of the UN on April 7, 1953.


15 others aboard the aircraft were also killed.*


*Dag Hammarskjold received posthumously the 1961 Nobel Peace Prize.


JFK said: “Dag Hammarskjold is dead, but the United Nations lives on.”



                 Dag Hammarskjold
United Nations Secretary-General
                  UN Department of 
         Public Information Photo


September 18, 1963


JFK SPEAKS TO THE NATION ON TEST BAN TREATY & TAX CUT BILL


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy tonight took to America’s airways, radio & television, to speak about the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty which is to come to a vote in the Senate & his tax cut proposal which is to be considered by the House.


Confident that the Test Ban Treaty will pass, JFK spent most of the address on the topic of the Tax Cut Bill.


JFK said his bill to reduce Federal taxes would spur economic growth & create jobs.


The President said:


“I do not say it will solve all our economic problems, but this bill is the keystone of the arch.”


September 18, 1996


THE ROCKET FANS TWENTY….AGAIN!


Detroit, Michigan (JFK+50) William Roger Clemens, pitcher for the Boston Red Sox, has done it again 10 years after setting the record for 20 strikeouts in a single game.


Clemens, pitching here in Detroit against the Tigers, got the final out, a strikeout, & victory against Travis Fryman in the bottom of the 9th inning.


The Red Sox ace was effective using his blazing fastball & nasty splitter.



                       Roger Clemens*
                        June 27, 2007
             Photo by Keith Allison


*played for the Toronto Blue Jays, New York Yankees & Houston Astros after leaving the Red Sox.



CONSTITUTION SIGNED IN PHILADELPHIA

September 17, 1787


CONSTITUTION SIGNED IN PHILADELPHIA


Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (JFK+50) The United States Constitution was signed by delegates of the Constitutional Convention today here in Philadelphia.


The document will not, however, become the law of the land until 9 of the 13 states ratify.


The Constitution of the United States consists of a preamble & 7 articles.


The Preamble


“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, & secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves & our Posterity, do ordain & establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”*



         Signing of the US Constitution
Painting by Howard Chandler Christy


*The US Constitution was ratified on June 21, 1788


September 17, 1862


BLOODY BATTLE FOUGHT AT ANTIETAM CREEK


Sharpsburg, Maryland (JFK+50) A bloody battle was fought near Sharpsburg today along the banks of Antietam Creek.


Forces of the United States & Confederate States fought from dawn til dusk.


The fighting began at the Dunker Church along Hagerstown Pike & then spread into a huge cornfield across the pike.


By mid-day, the battle continued to an area separating two farm fields called “Bloody Lane”.


Finally, the day’s fighting came to a close at Burnside’s Bridge at Antietam Creek. Casualties are reported as high on both sides.*


*Lee’s forces retreat into Virginia the following day.  More Americans were killed at the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862 than any other day in US history.  


Lincoln claims victory & 5 days later issues the Emancipation Proclamation.



                      Battle of Antietam
                  Army of the Potomac
                  Kurz & Allison (1888)


September 17, 1978


ACCORDS SIGNED BY BEGIN & SADAT


Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Anwar el-Sadat of Egypt & Menachem Begin of Israel signed the Camp David Accords today at the White House.


The peace agreement, negotiated by President Jimmy Carter, was worked out over 12 days of discussions at the Presidential retreat, Camp David, in Maryland.*


*Sadat & Begin will later be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.



    Sadat, President Carter, Begin
          Camp David, Maryland


September 17, 1959


JFK BLASTS LABOR LAWYERS


Boston, Massachusetts (JFK+50) Senator John F. Kennedy, speaking to the Montgomery County Bar Association today, blasted a “small group of unsavory labor lawyers” who represent corrupt union leaders.


JFK admonished the bar association to take action against the lawyers.


September 17, 1946


HONEY FITZ CELEBRATES BOSTON’S BIRTHDAY


Boston, Massachusetts (JFK+50) John F. “Honey Fitz” Fitzgerald, former Mayor of the city of Boston, helped celebrate the city’s birthday today on radio station WDHO.


September 17 is widely accepted as the birthday of Boston when a court of Puritans ordered the setttlement to be named “Boston” after the town in Lincolnshire from which many Puritans originated.



                     John F. Fitzgerald
                            (1863-1950)
                     Bain News Service

September 17, 1936


MARY AGNES GARGAN DIES


Boston, Massachusetts (JFK+50) Mary Agnes Fitzgerald Gargan died today of chronic hypertensive cardiorenal disease at her home at 22 May Street in West Roxbury.


The daughter of John “Honey Fitz” & Mary Fitzgerald & sister of Rose Kennedy leaves her husband, Joseph, & children John Jr., Mary Jo, & Ann.



   Joseph P. Kennedy with Ann Gargin









PRESIDENT MCKINLEY DIES IN BUFFALO

September 14, 1901


PRESIDENT MCKINLEY DIES IN BUFFALO


Buffalo, New York (JFK+50) William McKinley, 25th President of the United States, died today here in Buffalo, New York from the wounds he suffered by the hands of an assassin just 8 days ago.


The President was in Buffalo attending the Pan American Exposition where he made a speech & then was greeting the public.


The assassin, Leon Czolgosz, fired two shots at close range.


The President was 58 years old. 


His last words were: “It is God’s way.  His will be done, not ours.”


President William McKinley will be buried at West Lawn Cemetery in Canton, Ohio.



               McKinley’s Funeral Procession
                            Washington, D.C.


September 14, 1901


THEODORE ROOSEVELT TAKES OATH 


Buffalo, New York (JFK+50) Theodore Roosevelt was sworn into office today as the 26th President of the United States.



TR Takes Presidential Oath of Office
        Nashville Tennessee News




Mr. Roosevelt becomes the youngest U.S. President at age 42*


The ceremony took place at the home of Ansley Wilcox here in Buffalo.


The oath was administered by Judge John R. Hazel at 3:31 this afternoon.**


*TR remains to this day the youngest President in our history.  JFK, at age 43, is the youngest “elected” President.


**Mr. Wilcox said “No Bible was used (for the swearing-in ceremony) but Mr. Roosevelt was sworn in with uplifted hand.”


Thus, TR is the only President to this day to take the oath of office without using a Bible.


September 14, 1959


SOVIET PROBE REACHES THE MOON 



Moscow, USSR (JFK+50) The Soviet government announced today that one of their space probes has crashed onto the surface of the moon.


This will be the 1st man-made object from earth to reach the moon.*


*This adds fuel to the fire for JFK’s campaign of 1960 in which he says that the US is #2 in the space race



           Soviet Lunar Lander


September 14, 1982


PRINCESS GRACE DIES FROM INJURIES


Monte Carlo, Monaco (JFK+50) Princess Grace of Monaco died today at the age of 52 from injuries she suffered in an automobile accident here in Monte Carlo.


The former Grace Kelly, Hollywood actress, lost control of the automobile she was driving on a mountain road.


Her car plunged off the road.  Her 17 year old daughter, Stephanie, survived the accident.


Princess Grace, born in Philadelphia in 1929, gave up her acting career to marry Prince Rainier III of Monaco.*


*Princess Grace suffered a stroke which caused her to lose control.



                 Grace Kelly (1956)**


September 14, 1847


GENERAL SCOTT TAKES MEXICO CITY


Mexico City, Mexico (JFK+50) General Winfield Scott today was escorted into the Mexican capital after his troops captured the city & raised the stars & stripes over the Halls of Montezuma.


The General was wearing his full dress uniform & was welcomed by patriotic music.



Lithograph by Jean-Baptiste Bayot
      from a sketch by Carl Nebel


















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