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Archive for the month “June, 2011”

SANDY KOUFAX PITCHES 1ST NO HITTER

June 30, 1962


SANDY KOUFAX PITCHES 1ST NO HITTER


Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers struck out 13 hitters today on his way to the 1st no-hitter of his career.


The Dodgers blanked the New York Mets 5-0.


Pitching from 1955 through 1961, Koufax showed signs of greatness but was very inconsistent.  His record through that period was 36 wins & 51 losses.


This year, however, taking a veteran catcher’s advice to “take the grunt out of the fastball”, Koufax has turned things around.*


*Koufax would win 3 Cy Young Awards & be elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972.


It seems Koufax delivery had its flaws because opposing hitters knew what he was going to throw.  


Giants star Willie Mays said: “I knew every pitch he was going to throw & still couldn’t hit him.”



                      Sandy Koufax*


*On the night he was killed, RFK paid tribute to Sandy Koufax in his speech after his victory in the California Primary.


June 30, 1962


JFK SPEAKS AT INDEPENDENCE MONUMENT IN MEXICO CITY


President John F. Kennedy took part in a wreath laying ceremony at the Independence Monument in Mexico City today.


JFK told the audience that it is appropriate to celebrate the 4th of July in Mexico because…


“the people who wrote the Declaration of Independence….recognized…they were not merely advancing a theory of government for the people of the United States, but for the people around the world.”



            Independence Monument
                         Mexico City
                 Photo by Sarumo74


June 30, 1961


JFK SIGNS HOUSING ACT


President John F. Kennedy signed into law today the Housing Act of 1961.
JFK said that this bill….


“provides an opportunity for a giant step toward better cities & improved housing. (It) offers the opportunity & the challenge to build the cities of tomorrow where families can live in dignity.”


The act provides for a 35 low-interest mortgage loan program for moderate income American families.


June 30, 1953


1ST CORVETTE ROLLS OFF ASSEMBLY LINE


The 1st Corvette rolled off General Motor’s assembly line in Flint, Michigan today.


The ‘Vette is produced with the 1st all fiberglass body in an American sports car.


All the Corvettes made in 1953 are to be white convertibles with red interiors & black tops.*


*By 1961, the Corvette is America’s favorite sports car.



                1954 Chevy Corvette


June 30, 1950


TRUMAN ORDERS US FORCES TO KOREA


President Harry S. Truman ordered American forces to Korea today.


The order comes just 3 days after the United Nations Security Council voted to support South Korea after the invasion by the North Korean Army on June 25.*


*Over the next 3 years, the US will provide half the UN ground forces in Korea as well as a majority of the air & naval power.



              Korean War Monument
               Nashville, Tennessee
        Photo by John White (2011)


June 30, 1934


FDR APPOINTS JOE KENNEDY, SR. TO SEC


President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. to serve on the newly created Securities & Exchange Commission today.


The SEC is to be a bi-partisan agency designed to protect the public from investing in unsafe securities & to regulate the stock market.


Mr. Kennedy is to serve a 5 year term.*


*On July 2, 1934, Joe Kennedy is elected 1st chairman of the SEC.








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JFK VISITS GALWAY

June 29, 1963


JFK VISITS GALWAY


President John F. Kennedy visited Galway in Ireland today where he was greeted by 320 children from the Convent of Mercy School.


The children, dressed in green, white & gold sang “Galway Bay” for JFK:


“If you ever go across the sea to Ireland
There maybe at the closing of your day
You will sit & watch the moon rise over Claddagh
& see the sun go down on Galway Bay.”



                   Ballyknow Quay
                      River Corrib
                  Galway, Ireland
       Photo by Greg O’Beirn (1999)


Later, speaking at Eyre Square, now John F. Kennedy Memorial Park, JFK said:


“If the day was clear enough & if you went down to the bay & looked west & your sight was good enough, you would see Boston, Massachusetts.”



John F. Kennedy Memorial Park Marker
                 Galway, Ireland


The President was presented with “The Key to the City”.


JFK bade farewell at Shannon Airport where he spoke from his heart:


“Last night somebody sang a song…’Come back to Erin….come back aroun’ to the land of thy birth. Come back with the shamrock in the springtime….'”


“This is not the land of my birth, but it is the land for which I hold the greatest affection, & I certainly will come back in the springtime.”


As the President boarded Air Force One, a choir sang “Come Back to Erin”.  


At 2:30 p.m., JFK left Ireland & Larry O’Brien said:


“If there was a dry eye at the airport, I missed it.”*


*Source: “One of Ourselves, JFK in Ireland” by James Robert Carroll (2003)



Limerick, Ireland on the River Shannon
         Photo by Santiperez (2007)


June 29, 1962


JFK & JACKIE WELCOMED IN MEXICO CITY


President & Mrs. Kennedy began a 4 day visit to Mexico today.


They were welcomed by a million & a half people who lined the streets for their 7 mile motorcade through Mexico City.


JFK was greeted by President Adolfo Lopez Mateos.  The two national leaders conferred at Los Pinos, the residence of the Mexican president.


JFK said:


“Our two country’s revolutions have now been joined as one, one great effort, one great continent, in one great Alianza para el Progreso.  Viva Mexico!”



      Jackie Speaks in Spanish in Mexico
                   JFK Library Photo


June 29, 1961


JFK PROPOSES DISARMAMENT AGENCY


President John F. Kennedy proposed today the creation of a United States Disarmament Agency for World Peace that would formulate disarmament & report to him & the Secretary of State.*


*On September 26, 1961 the Arms Control & Disarmament Agency is created as a result of a bill drafted by JFKs adviser, John J. McCloy.



                   John J. McCloy
    Photo by Yoichi R. Okamoto (1966)
                LBJ Library Photo





JFK PAYS VISIT TO CORK

June 28, 1963


JFK PAYS VISIT TO CORK


President John F. Kennedy paid a visit to Cork, Ireland’s 2nd largest city today.


JFK was greeted by a crowd estimated to be 100,000.


Speaking in Cork, JFK took pride in introducing “2 or 3 Irishmen” who came along with him from America.


First to be introduced was JFK’s Presidential assistant & long-time political & personal confidant, David Powers who, according to Mr. Kennedy, had 7 of his cousins sitting with him on the front row.


The second “Irishman” to be introduced was Larry O’Brien, JFK’s legislative aide & the third was Jim Roley, head of the United States Secret Service.


In his address, JFK said that Ireland’s mission today…


“is to lead the free world (as it) has done for the last 800 years (in) independence & freedom”.


Later, back at Dublin’s Arbour Hill, President Kennedy laid a wreath at the grave of Irishmen who took part in the 1916 Easter Uprising.


He also watched the Irish Guards perform  impressive drills. (In late November 1963Mrs. Kennedy arranged for the drill team to perform at JFK’s funeral service at Arlington).



      Irish Guards at Arlington
           November 25, 1963
    http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net


President Kennedy then proceeded to Leinster House to speak to a joint session of the Dail & Seanad (Irish Parliament).


JFK spoke about the heroics of the Irish Brigade at the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862.


The President presented one of the surviving flags of the 69th Regiment of New York volunteers from the battle “to the people of Ireland”.



       Battle Flag of the 69th Regiment
               New York Volunteers
                http://www.sixtyninth.net


JFK said to the Irish Parliament:


“Today this is no longer the country of hunger & famine….nor is it any longer a country of persecution, political or religious.  It is a free country & that is why any American feels at home.
This is an extraordinary country.  George Bernard Shaw, speaking as an Irishman, summed up an approach to life:  ‘Other people’, he said, ‘see things &…say: why? But I dream things that never were & say: why not?”*


*RFK would later use this Shaw quote in his 1968 Presidential campaign with the change….”Some men see things as they are & say why?  I dream things that never were & say why not?”



          Dail Chamber, Leinster House
                     Dublin, Ireland
                      June 28, 2008
                Photo by AnCatDubh


Still later, at Dublin Castle, JFK was given honorary law degrees to National University of Ireland & Trinity College.  JFK said:


“I want to express….thanks to the people of Dublin.  I can imagine nothing more pleasant than continuing day after day to drive through the streets of Dublin & waving & I may come back & do it.”



               JFK Motorcade in Dublin
                       June 28, 1963
                http://www.declancashin.com


June 28, 1962


JFK SIGNS MIGRATION & REFUGEE ASSISTANCE ACT


President John F. Kennedy today signed the act sponsored by his administration which will provide crisis assistance to displaced people & refugees across the globe.


The Migration & Refugee Assistance Act was pushed through the Senate by J. William Fulbright of Arkansas (D) & through the House by Francis E. Walter of Pennsylvania (D).


JFK said:


“This government’s leadership will be maintained in the great humanitarian endeavor of helping the world’s stateless & homeless.”



           Senator J. William Fulbright
                        (D) Arkansas


June 28, 1914


ARCHDUKE ASSASSINATED IN SARAJEVO


The heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was assassinated today when he was shot along with his wife in an open touring car in Sarajevo, Bosnia.


The Royal couple were on a state visit as well as celebrating their wedding anniversary.


The assassin, a young Serbian named Gavrilo Princip, was taken into custody.*


*The assassination triggers a chain reaction of events which lead Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia & begin the First World War.



Archduke Ferdinand & Wife Are Shot

JFK VISITS ANCESTRAL HOME

June 27, 1963


JFK VISITS ANCESTRAL HOME 



          “A hundred thousand welcomes!”


John F. Kennedy, the 1st Irish-American president, landed by helicopter at the Gaelic Field in New Ross, Ireland today.


He is the 1st American president to visit Ireland during his term of office.


JFK was welcomed by Irish school children waving American flags & singing the President’s favorite Irish tunes.


JFK joined in himself in singing “The Boys of Wexford”.


“We are the boys of Wexford
Who fought with heart & hand
To burst in twain
The galling chain
And free our native land.”



         JFK Greets Irish School Children
                   JFK Library Photo


In his speech at New Ross, JFK said:


“When my great grandfather left here to become a cooper in East Boston, he carried nothing with him except 2 things:  a strong religious faith & a strong desire for liberty.  I am glad to say that all of his great grandchildren have valued that inheritance.” 


The President then made the 6 mile drive to Dunganstown on the banks of the Barrow River. It was the home of his great great grandfather, Patrick Kennedy.



Presidential Party at Dunganstown
        Photo by Cecil Stoughton
            JFK Library Photo


The President was greeted by his hostess & cousin, Mary Ryan, who is 63 years old.


JFK said:  “I’m glad to see you & I’m sorry for all the trouble I caused you.”


Mrs. Ryan, whom JFK visited on his 1st trip to Ireland in 1947, gave him a kiss on the cheek.



    Mrs. Ryan Gives Cousin Jack a Kiss


They then had tea where JFK proposed this toast:


“To all the Kennedys who went & all the Kennedys who stayed.”


Later at Redmond Place in Wexford, JFK asked if there were any Kennedys in the audience & if so, to raise their hands.  A few did.  JFK responded: “I’m glad to see a few cousins who didn’t catch the boat.”


As to be expected, the President was very complimentary of the Irish.  He said:


“In Ireland….you see something of what is so great about the United States…through million of your sons & daughters & cousins–25 million, in fact–you see something of what is great about Ireland.”


This evening the President will attend a garden party at the Irish president’s home in Dublin.*


*Source: “One of Ourselves: JFK in Ireland” by James Robert Carroll (2003)


June 27, 1963


HENRY CABOT LODGE, JR. APPOINTED AMBASSADOR TO SOUTH VIETNAM


Less than 3 years after having been defeated as Richard Nixon’s Vice-Presidential running mate, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. has been appointed US ambassador to South Vietnam by President Kennedy.


Lodge, who replaces Frederick E. Nolting, also was defeated by JFK in his bid to be re-elected to the US Senate from Massachusetts in 1952.*


*Lodge will serve as ambassador until June 1964 when he makes a bid for the Republican Presidential nomination. 


Lodge later returns to South Vietnam for a 2 year term as ambassador.



          Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.
 US Ambassador to South Vietnam


June 27, 1950


TRUMAN SENDING US FORCES TO KOREA


Just 2 days after North Korean troops invaded South Korea, President Harry S Truman is ordering US air & naval forces to South Korea.


The President says this action is necessary to enforce the resolution of the United Nations calling for an end to the hostilities.*


*Truman’s decision is met with universal support by both Congress & the American people.



           President Harry S. Truman 
             National Archives Photo


June 27, 1968


ELVIS MAKES COMEBACK SPECIAL FOR TV


12 years after taking the country & world by storm, Elvis Presley is taping a “Comeback Special” for broadcast television.


According to director Steve Binder, Elvis’s career is “in the toilet” after several years of making movies in Hollywood.


Binder wants Elvis to do an informal jam session with members of his band on the TV special.


JFK SAYS "ICH BIN EIN BERLINER"

June 26, 1963


JFK SAYS “ICH BIN EIN BERLINER”


President John F. Kennedy was welcomed in West Berlin today as he spoke in Rudolph Wilde Plaza to a million West German citizens.


The President said:


“All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, & therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words Ich bin ein Berliner.”



            JFK Speaks To West Berliners
                       June 26, 1963
             Photo by Robert Knudsen
                   JFK Library Photo
                    


JFK, the leader of the free world in the Cold War against the spread of communism, wanted the people of West Berlin to know that America stands with them in the struggle.


West Berlin is completely surrounded by communist territory.


JFK also said:


“There are many people in the world who really don’t understand…what is the great issue between the free world & the communist world.  Let them come to Berlin.”


And in the shadow of the Berlin Wall dividing the city, he said:


“Freedom has many difficulties & democracy is not perfect, but we have never had to put a wall up to keep our people in….”


The crowd waved American flags & chanted in unison “Ken-e-dee, Ken-e-dee!”*


*JFK’s Berlin speech marked the high point of American prestige in the aftermath of WWII.

           
                 Marker at JFK Platz
                     Berlin, Germany
       Photo by Axel Mauruszat (2008)


June 26, 1956


CONGRESS APPROVES FEDERAL HIGHWAY ACT


The US Congress approved today the Federal Highway Act which when signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower will provide $30 billion for construction of 41,000 miles of interstate highways.


This will be the largest public construction program in US history.


The federal government will pay 90% of the cost of construction funded, in part, from a hike in the federal gasoline tax of 2 to 3 cents a gallon.*


*President Eisenhower signed the Federal Highway Act 3 days later.  The act is regarded as Ike’s greatest domestic achievement by many historians.



        Unveiling of New Interstate Sign
                       July 29, 1993


June 26, 1956


KENNEDY-HILL INTRODUCE BILL FOR SENIORS


Senators John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts & Lister Hill of Alabama jointly introduced a bill today which proposes to provide $150 million in assistance to America’s senior citizens over a 6 year period.


The bill also proposes for matching grants for projects sponsored by the states to provide assistance for the elderly.


              Senator Lister Hill
             Democrat, Alabama
                    (1894-1984)

June 26, 1955


JFK WANTS TO REVISE IMMIGRATION POLICY


Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts, himself a descendant of Irish immigrants to the United States, proposed today a bill to establish a commission on immigration.


JFK’s proposed commission would suggest revisions to the McCarran-Walter Immigration Act.


The commission is to be patterned after the Hoover Commission on Government Reorganization.


June 26, 1952


ROSE KENNEDY HOSTS TEA FOR SON’S SENATE CANDIDACY


Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, the wife of former Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., hosted a reception at the Walk Over Club today in honor of her son’s (Congressman John F. Kennedy) candidacy for the United States Senate.


The reception was attended by an over-flow crowd who also had the pleasure of joining the Kennedys for tea.



                 Walk Over Club
          Brockton, Massachusetts
               www.brockton.net
                 
June 26, 1945


UN CHARTER SIGNED IN SAN FRANCISCO


The charter of the new world organization for peace, the United Nations, was signed today by representatives of 48 nations in San Francisco.


The UN will include a General Assembly composed of representatives from each member nation & a Security Council which will include representatives of China, France, Great Britain, US & USSR.*


*JFK attends the event as a reporter for the Hearst newspapers.  His column, “written from a GI viewpoint”, includes the following statement:


“We have a long way to go before Russia will entrust her safety to any organization other than the Red Army.”**


**Source: “Kennedy & Defense: The Formative Years”
     (1967) http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/



           Site of UN Charter Meeting
            San Francisco, California
                     June 26, 1945
               photo by Leonard G.







SUPREME COURT SAYS NO TO SCHOOL PRAYER

June 25, 1962


SUPREME COURT SAYS NO TO SCHOOL PRAYER


The United States Supreme Court handed down its ruling today in the case of Engel v. Vitale.


The high court ruled by a vote of 6 to 1 that a prayer recommended for classroom reading by the New York Board of Regents is a violation of the 1st Amendment.


The prayer in question is:


“Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee & we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers & our country. Amen.”


The American Jewish Commission, the Synagogue Council of America & the Ethical Union opposed the prayer.


The court says because the prayer was created by government officials to promote a religious belief it violates 1st Amendment rights.



Sculpture of Chief Justice Earl Warren
United States Supreme Court Building
       Photo by John White (2003)


June 25, 1963


JFK QUOTES LINCOLN IN FRANKFURT


President John F. Kennedy spoke to West Germans in Frankfurt today.  He said:


“Abraham Lincoln said ‘I know there is a God.  I see a storm coming.  If he has a place for me, then I am ready’.  No one can tell….whether there is a storm coming for all of us, but what we can be sure of is that no matter what happens, we believe in God & we are ready.”



                      Lincoln Memorial
                      Washington, D.C.
               Photo by John White (2003)


JFK also said Americans are committed to the defense of Europe to the extent we “will risk (our) cities to defend yours.”


June 25, 1952


CONGRESSMAN KENNEDY SPEAKS ON HOUSE FLOOR


Congressman John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts gave a speech today on the floor of the House of Representatives warning that because of large imports of fish fillets, New England’s fishing industry has been crippled.


The Congressman asked the House of Representatives to study this problem.



                US Capitol Building
                  Washington, D.C.
         Photo by John White (2003)


June 25, 1950


NORTH KOREAN ARMY INVADES SOUTH KOREA


The North Korean People’s Army, supported by the Soviet Union, crossed the 38th parallel today & invaded South Korea.


The United Nations Security Council, meeting in New York City, unanimously condemned the invasion.


Korea was divided at the Potsdam Conference at the end of World War II.


In December 1945, a US-USSR Joint Commission agreed in Moscow to allow a trusteeship for North Korea by the Soviet Union & a trusteeship for South Korea by the USA.


The trusteeships were to be in place for a 5 year period.*


*On June 27, 1950, President Truman ordered US air & naval forces to support South Korea.  


The Korean Conflict ended with an armistice signed on July 27, 1953.  North & South Korea remain divided to this day.



           Korean War Memorial
              Washington, D.C.
      Photo by John White (2003)


June 25, 1942


EISENHOWER NAMED COMMANDER IN EUROPE


General Dwight D. Eisenhower was named Commander of all United States forces in the European war theater today.


Eisenhower, a graduate of West Point, served as an assistant to General Douglas MacArthur in the Philippines.


As European commander, General Eisenhower will be directly involved in the planning & execution of US military strategy to liberate the continent from Axis control.



     General Dwight D. Eisenhower
         U.S. Signal Corps Photo


June 25, 1876


CUSTER’S 7TH CAVALRY DEFEATED AT LITTLE BIG HORN


Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer, a young hero for the Union Army in the Civil War, met defeat today on the banks of the Little Big Horn River in Montana.


Custer & 215 soldiers of the 7th U.S. Cavalry were part of an army sent out to force all “hostile” Plains Indians back onto their reservations.


Lt. Col. Custer apparently misjudged the size of the Indian village he found at the Little Big Horn & ordered a division of his forces.


Custer’s division of 215 men attacked the center of a Sioux & Cheyenne village estimated to hold more than 10,000 Indians including 3000 armed warriors under Sitting Bull & Crazy Horse.


There were reportedly no survivors from Custer’s division.



              US Seventh Cavalry Insignia

JACQUELINE BOUVIER & JFK ARE ENGAGED

June 24, 1953


JACQUELINE BOUVIER & JFK ARE ENGAGED


Hugh & Janet (Bouvier) Auchincloss of Hammersmith Farm & McLean, Virginia announced the engagement of Auchincloss’s daughter, Jacqueline Lee Bouvier, to Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy today.


Miss Bouvier was born on July 28, 1929 in East Hampton, New York.  Jackie attended Vassar College, the Sorbonne in Paris & is a graduate of George Washington University.


The young couple were introduced at a Georgetown dinner party hosted by mutual friend & newspaperman Charles Bartlett.*


*At the time they met, Jackie was the “Inquiring Camera Girl” for the Washington Times-Herald.


The marriage will take place on September 12, 1953 at St. Mary’s Church in Newport, R.I.



           Jacqueline Bouvier
         Inquiring Camera Girl


June 24, 1962


SHRIVER SAYS PEACE CORPS WILL HAVE 5000 VOLUNTEERS


JFK’s Peace Corps Director, Sargent Shriver, announced today that the program is expected to have 5000 volunteers in training or in the field by the end of the year.*


*Shriver was JFK’s brother-in-law.  He once said that the reason he was picked was because the program was not expected to succeed & it would be much easier to fire a relative than a political friend.



                      Sargent Shriver
                Peace Corps Director
         Photo by Rowland Scherman
                 JFK Library Photo


June 24, 1963


JFK & ADENAUER HOLD TALKS IN WEST GERMANY


President John F. Kennedy & German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer held talks today in West Germany.


The two world leaders & their aides discussed disarmament, NATO, & a European-American alliance.


The talks took place at the Palais Schaumburg.


Later at the Villa Hammerschmidt, the official residence of the President of Germany located in Bonn, JFK attended a ceremony for the German peace corps.


JFK said:


“Dante once said that the hottest places in hell are reserved for those who in a period of moral crisis maintained their neutrality.  This is a moral crisis.  This is an opportunity & I am confident that the German youth &…the older citizens…will lay a seed which will bring a rich harvest for all in later days.”


June 24, 1963


BYRON DE LA BECK INDICTED FOR EVERS MURDER


White supremacist Byron de la Beckwith was indicted today for the murder of Medgar Evers.*


*2 trials in 1964 ended in mistrials.  It will take another 30 years for Beckwith to be convicted & imprisoned for the murder of the Mississippi civil rights leaders.  


In 1994, new evidence proved that Beckwith had bragged about his role in the murder at a KKK rally.


Byron de la Beckwith

June 24, 1970

KENNEDY MEMORIAL DEDICATED IN DALLAS

At the site of the assassination of the 35th President of the United States, a memorial to John Fitzgerald Kennedy was dedicated today.

The memorial, designed by Philip Johnson, is an “open tomb” symbolic of the freedom of JFK’s spirit.

A marker at the memorial reads:

“The joy & excitement of JFK’s life belongs to all men.  So did the pain & sorrow of his death.”


                    JFK Memorial
                    Dallas, Texas
          Photo by Jim Bower (2007)

June 24, 1970

SENATE VOTES TO REPEAL GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION

The United States Senate voted to repeal the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution today.

The resolution gave President Lyndon B. Johnson the power “to take all necessary measures” to defend Southeast Asia.

The resolution was originally requested by LBJ after the report that 2 US destroyers were attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin by North Vietnamese patrol boats.

The Senate passed the repeal in hopes of limiting President Nixon’s war powers.


June 24, 1948

SOVIETS BLOCK ALL LAND ROUTES TO WEST BERLIN

The Soviet Union today blocked all road & rail traffic in & out of West Berlin.

The action, following the collapse 2 days ago of talks between the Soviets, Americans & Brit,  is obviously intended to force West Berlin to surrender & make all of Berlin communist.

*The US response will be a massive airlift of supplies into West Berlin.  After the failure of the blockade, the Soviets ended it on May 12, 1949.


              Berlin Airlift Memorial
        Photo by Ingrid Strauch (2002)


JFK ARRIVES IN WEST GERMANY

June 23, 1963


JFK ARRIVES IN WEST GERMANY


President John F. Kennedy arrived in Bonn, West Germany today for the 1st day of a 10 day European journey.


This is the 8th foreign trip for President Kennedy.


He arrived at 9:50 a.m. local time & was greeted by West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer.


In a short speech at Wahn Airport, JFK said:


“Together we look forward to a new future.  Former foes have become faithful friends.  Your safety is our safety, your liberty is our liberty.”


JFK & Konrad Adenauer



Later at Market Square in Bonn, the President remarked:


“The city of Bonn is the capital of the free world.”


And at Cologne’s Rathaus, JFK signed the Golden Book & said:


“I come to Cologne to see the best of the past & the most promising of the future.”


JFK concluded his remarks with the old Rhemish saying “Koelle Alaaf”.

                    
                            Rathaus
                 Cologne, Germany
                     Foto Marburg
           Art Resource, New York

June 23, 1967


LBJ MEETS WITH KOSYGIN IN GLASSBORO


President Lyndon B. Johnson met with Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin today in Glassboro, New Jersey.


This was the 1st meeting between a President of the United States & a Soviet Premier since Eisenhower & Khrushchev met in 1959.*


*The Glassboro Summit is considered unsuccessful because of the deep divisions over Vietnam & the Middle East.


Kosygin & LBJ at Glassboro Summit
        Photo by Yoichi R. Okamoto
                        LBJ Library



June 23, 1952


BOSTON MAYOR ENDORSES JFK FOR SENATE


Mayor John B. Hynes of Boston, Massachusetts paid tribute to Congressman John F. Kennedy today.


Hynes called JFK one of the finest young men to come into public life in the last 20 years & gave his endorsement for his Senate candidacy.


The Mayor gave his endorsement before 500 supporters at the Parker House Hotel in Boston.*


*John B. Hynes served as Boston’s mayor from 1950 to 1960.

                            Joe Hynes
                     Mayor of Boston
                      http://www.mass/gov



June 23, 1938


JOE KENNEDY, JR. GRADUATES FROM HARVARD


Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., the son of Mr. & Mrs. Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., graduated today from Harvard College with a BA degree.


Joe Jr. majored in Government with an intended vocation in “business”.


Joe participated in basketball, football, swimming & rugby & was a member of the Hasty Pudding Institute of 1770.


      Joe Jr., Joe Sr., & Jack Kennedy
            Southampton, England
                      July 2, 1938
               JFK Library Photo



June 23, 1927


COOLIDGE ADOPTED INTO SIOUX TRIBE


President Calvin Coolidge will be adopted into the Sioux Tribe at Fort Yates according to The Sioux County Pioneer of North Dakota.*


*Coolidge will be given a grand ceremonial feathered head dress by Sioux chief Henry Standing Bear. The idea to make Coolidge an honorary Sioux came from Chauncey Yellow Robe, a descendant of Sitting Bull.



Coolidge Adopted into Sioux Tribe
                    June 23, 1927
      Library of Congress Photo





JFK ISSUES ORDER ON EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY

June 22, 1963


JFK ISSUES ORDER ON EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY


President John F. Kennedy today issued “Executive Order #11114”.


The order extends the authority of the President’s Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity.


It requires all federal project contractors to follow non-discrimination employment practices or face cancellation of contracts, withholding of payments & legal action.



June 22, 1962


JFK SPEAKS TO STUDENTS BOUND FOR AFRICA


President Kennedy spoke to members of Operation Crossroads Africa today on the South Lawn of the White House.


The OCA is a student organization of volunteers who are bound for Africa to work in schools & hospitals.


JFK said:


“In going to Africa you represent the best of our country & I know they will welcome you.  And I think that you will have the feeling of having served this country & in a broader sense, the free community of people in a very crucial time.”



June 22, 1961


JFK & PM IKEDA OF JAPAN ISSUE JOINT STATEMENT


After 2 days of meetings at the White House, President Kennedy & Japanese Prime Minister Hayato Ikeda issued a joint statement today announcing the establishment of a US-Japanese Committee on Trade & Economic Affairs “to strengthen the partnership between the two countries.”


Prime Minister Hayato Ikeda



June 22, 1950


AMERICAN MUSICIANS ACCUSED OF BEING COMMUNIST SYMPATHIZERS


“Red Channels:  The Report of Communist Infiltration in Radio & Television”, published by the right-wing journal “Counterattack”, has charged Leonard Bernstein, Aaron Copland, Lena Horne, Pete Seeger & Artie Shaw of being suspected communist sympathizers.*


*The publication of the names of these musicians & many others resulted in “blacklisting” & other harmful outcomes .

June 22, 1944


FDR SIGNS “GI BILL”


President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Serviceman’s Readjustment Act today at the White House.


The “GI Bill” is designed to compensate returning World War II veterans for their service.


Veterans will receive money for college tuition, living expenses, books & supplies.*


*Before WWII, 15% of young Americans went on to higher education.  After WWII, 50% of all college students were veterans.


50 years later the GI Bill had provided benefits for 10 million veterans & their dependents.





June 22, 1775


CONTINENTAL CURRENCY ISSUED


The Continental Congress has issued $2 million in bills of credit.


The “Continentals” feature likenesses of revolutionary soldiers & the inscription “The United Colonies”.*


*Continental currency will soon become virtually worthless because there is nothing to “back up” the notes.  Rampant inflation will lead to the phrase: “Not worth a Continental”.






FRANCE WITHDRAWS NAVY FROM NATO FLEET

June 21, 1963


FRANCE WITHDRAWS NAVY FROM NATO FLEET


Much to the dismay of the Kennedy administration, France announced today its intention to withdraw the French navy from the fleet of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.


The announcement came as a surprise to the administration at the same time JFK is preparing to go to Europe for a series of talks with US allies.


The President is concerned that this action with serve as a precedent for other NATO nations.


NATO Summit (2002)



June 21, 1962


JFK GREETS STUDENTS IN THE ROSE GARDEN


President Kennedy greeted students today from the graduating class of Glen Lake (Michigan) High School in the Rose Garden at the White House.


JFK said to the students:


“All the people you read about in your history books–Lincoln, the Adamses, Monroe, the Wilsons, Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower….all lived here & all participated in making this country greater.”



White House Rose Garden (2007)
White House Historical Association 


June 21, 1962


JFK’S FARM PROPOSALS BLOCKED


President Kennedy’s proposals to impose strict controls on farm production suffered defeat today when nearly 50 Democrats joined with Republicans to block their passage.


June 21, 1964


3 CIVIL RIGHTS WORKERS KILLED BY KKK IN MISSISSIPPI


3 young civil rights workers attempting to register black voters in the state of Mississippi were killed today by members of the Ku Klux Klan.


The 3 workers have been identified as Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman & James Chaney.


They were in the process of returning from at trip to Philadelphia, Mississippi to register black voters when they were pulled over for speeding.


After they were released, the 3 workers were followed, stopped, shot & buried in pre-dug graves.*


*While this information was not known on the day it happened it has been presented as if it were.


KKK Cross Burning Ceremony



June 21, 1982


REAGAN SHOOTER FOUND NOT GUILTY BY REASON OF INSANITY


John W. Hinckley, Jr., the young man who attempted to assassinate President Ronald Reagan on March 30, 1981, was found not guilty by reason of insanity today.


The verdict came after 7 weeks of testimony & 3 days of jury deliberations.


Hinckley’s defense attorneys argued that he has a narcissistic personality disorder & a pathological obsession with the 1976 film “Taxi Driver” & the actress who starred in it, Jody Foster.


The film is fictional story about a man who tries to assassinate a senator.*


*Hinckley is placed in St. Elizabeth’s Hospital, a mental institution.


John Hinckley, Jr.

July 21, 1948

COLUMBIA INTRODUCES THE “LP”

Columbia Records introduced today the “LP” or Long-Play vinyl record.

This new record will enable listeners to hear several tunes on each side of a record instead of the single tune per side on the 78 rpm recordings.

The “LP” plays on standard record players or phonographs at 33 1/3 rpms.

Columbia gave a public demonstration of the “LP” today at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City.


Vinyl LP Record

               Photo by Felipe Micaroni Lalli


June 21, 1788


NEW HAMPSHIRE MAKES CONSTITUTION LAW OF THE LAND


The state of New Hampshire became the 9th state to ratify the United States Constitution today & in doing so make it a binding document by the consent of the required majority of the 13 states.*


*The government under the US Constitution will begin on March 4, 1781


United States Constitution


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